From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishculturecul‧ture1 /ˈkʌltʃə $ -ər/ ●●● S2 W1 AWL noun 1 in a society [countable, uncountable]SA the beliefs, way of life, art, and customs that are shared and accepted by people in a particular society We speak Danish at home so that the boys don’t lose touch with their language and culture. In our culture, it is rude to ask someone how much they earn. I love working abroad and meeting people from different cultures.Western/American/Japanese etc culture A brief history of Western culture.modern/contemporary culture Business is one of the major forces in modern culture.2 in a group [countable, uncountable]SS the attitudes and beliefs about something that are shared by a particular group of people or in a particular organization Every government department has its own particular culture.corporate/business/company culture Changing the corporate culture is a long and difficult process.culture of In the field of drug development, the culture of secrecy is deep and strong. modern American youth culture the drug culture that is destroying so many young lives today the German political culture → subculture3 art/music/literature [uncountable]AART/CULTURE activities that are related to art, music, literature etc If it’s culture you’re looking for, the city has plenty of museums and art galleries. the Italian Ministry of Culturepopular culture (=the music, books, films etc that are liked by a lot of people)culture vulture informal (=someone who is very interested in art, music, literature etc)4 society [countable]SA a society that existed at a particular time in history This technique was then adapted and refined by the more sophisticated cultures of the ancient world. primitive cultures5 medicine/science [countable, uncountable] technicalHBM bacteria or cells grown for medical or scientific use, or the process of growing them It takes two to three weeks to grow the culture. tissue cultures6 crops [uncountable] technicalTAC the practice of growing crops syn cultivation clearing forest for rice cultureCOLLOCATIONSadjectivesWestern/American/Japanese etc cultureOur society was heavily influenced by Greek and Roman culture.national cultureSport is a major part of our national culture.local cultureThe local culture of the island has much to interest visitors.a common culture (=one that societies or people share)Britain and America are united by a common culture.traditional/ancient cultureThe people have a traditional culture which has hardly changed in 500 years.modern cultureComputers are a part of modern culture.the dominant culture (=the main culture in an area where there are many different cultures)What are the values of the dominant culture?culture + NOUNculture shock (=the confusion or shock that people sometimes feel in a very different country or place)
Examples from the Corpusculture• But a culture which is frozen, locked into its contradictions.• They live in a culture in which the heroes are actresses and football players rather than teachers and physicians.• They came to places like Southend, Thurrock and Basildon, and found it a bit of a culture shock.• Old San Juan is rich in history and culture.• Johnson's mother stressed intellectual and artistic achievement, while his father considered intellect and culture to be unmanly.• In what ways do British and Australian culture differ?• Throughout the book they give you examples of different cultures and how they do things.• You've created a society with no history, no culture.• The norms of citizen behavior found in these texts stress the participant aspects of political culture.• rice culture• the Ancient Greek and Roman cultures• Often, in fact, the television culture celebrates incompetence.• By 1992, Walcott had been able to name his landscape and define the culture of the region.• The trip offers you a unique opportunity to experience the culture of the remote hill tribes of the north.• The culture of the classroom should encourage children to be curious.• For the people, it was the exposure of their culture and arts that mattered the most.• The doctor ordered a throat culture.• The magazine is devoted to rock music, fashion, and other aspects of youth culture.• youth cultureWestern/American/Japanese etc culture• Birthtales became an expression and validation of birth, an often neglected aspect of life in Western culture.• In Western cultures, past events have little relevance to the future.• Personal photography has played a different but equally important role in the modernisation of Western culture.• Ours is a crisis not only of Western culture and technology, but of all other cultures.• Trying to force people into unwanted roles violates the most basic tenet of Western culture.corporate/business/company culture• Jack reflected on the problems of imposing a corporate culture.• All this is happening in a corporate culture where work from home has been rare.• An individual's scope for modifying it will inevitably be heavily influenced by site and corporate culture.• Flocks of executives entered the company from competing firms, bringing different styles, values, and corporate cultures with them.• This distinctive corporate culture flourishes in an environment in which independence is more a matter of convention than anything else.• Since the Treasury bond scandal, Mr Erardi says, Salomon has tried to change its entire corporate culture.• Some challenge the notion of corporate culture as the primary culprit.• What is less clear is whether these are national cultural differences, differences in the use of language and/or corporate culture influences.popular culture• Photo: Elaine Prisk, 1997 popular culture.• There were deliberate attempts to develop elements of both high and popular culture in music, poetry, dance, and games.• Pastiche and lack of originality in popular culture is therefore seen as the result.• In the case of the majority popular culture which the Committee seeks to de-legitimize, the situation is seen very differently.• Superman and Batman have become a part of popular culture.• In another single-room installation, 15 photographs by Diane Arbus explore the psychology of popular culture.• Besides, the Falklands had a huge impact on popular culture.• Poetry, popular culture and self-respect.• First, consider the reactionary popular culture in which this debate is taking place.tissue cultures• Designate a set of spatulas for dispensing tissue culture chemicals only and ensure that they are cleaned after every use.• Even if these cells are removed from the body and kept in tissue culture, they retain their characteristics through many cell divisions.• It can remove the deposits of pigment that clutter up old cells whether in tissue culture or in the brain.• Observations of toxicity of glutamate in tissue culture are of uncertain relevance invivo.• Some commentators will ask whether a tissue culture also counts as an entity to be respected.• The alternatives - studying people, tissue culture, computer modelling etc. - are actually used much more than animal studies.• The laboratories have extensive tissue culture facilities and there is a flow cytometric unit equipped with both analytical and cell sorting instruments.• What is tissue culture and how might it be used?