Sense: 1-3, 6
Date: 1200-1300
Language: Old French
Origin: hoste 'host, guest', from Latin hospes, probably from hostis; HOSTILE
Sense: 4
Date: 1300-1400
Language: Old French
Origin: Latin hostis; HOSTILE
Sense: 5
Date: 1300-1400
Language: Old French
Origin: hoiste, from Latin hostia 'sacrifice'


1 noun
host1 W3 [countable]

at a party

someone at a party, meal etc who has invited the guests and who provides the food, drink etc [↪ hostess]:
Our host greeted us at the door.

on television/radio

AMT someone who introduces and talks to the guests on a television or radio programme [= compère British English]
a game show host


a country, city, or organization that provides the necessary space, equipment etc for a special event
host country/government/city etc
the host city for the next Olympic Games
play host (to something) (=provide the place, food etc for a special meeting or event)
The gallery is playing host to an exhibition of sculpture.

a (whole) host of people/things

a large number of people or things:
A host of showbusiness celebrities have pledged their support.

in church

the Host

technicalRRC the bread that is used in the Christian ceremony of Communion


technical an animal or plant on which a smaller animal or plant is living as a parasite
WORD FOCUS: restaurant WORD FOCUS: restaurant
the person who serves you in a restaurant: waiter, waitress, server American English, waitperson American English

the person who cooks your food: chef

the person who welcomes the guests: maitre d', host/hostess American English

a list of the food: menu also bill of fare formal

a list of wines and alcoholic drinks: wine list also drink list American English

a piece of paper that shows the amount you have to pay for your meal: bill British English/check American English

extra money you leave for the waiter or waitress: tip/gratuity formal

money that the restaurant charges for service: service charge, cover charge, corkage

See also

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