English version

skin in Biology topic

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishskinskin1 /skɪn/ ●●● S2 W2 noun  1 body [countable, uncountable]HB the natural outer layer of a person’s or animal’s body She had thick black hair and smooth dark skin. The skin on his hands was dry and rough. skincare2 from an animal [countable, uncountable]HBATI the skin of an animal, sometimes including its fur, used to make leather, clothes etc a leopard skin3 kiwi.jpg food [countable, uncountable] a) HBPthe natural outer cover of some fruits and vegetables syn peel banana skins b) DFthe outer cover of a sausage4 DFon a liquid [countable, uncountable] a thin solid layer that forms on the top of a liquid, especially when it gets cold Cover the soup to stop a skin from forming.5 part of an object [countable] a layer that is part of a vehicle, building, object etc, especially on the outside The outer skin of the aircraft was not punctured. The lampshade has a double skin so that it remains cool.6 computer [countable, uncountable] the way particular information appears on a computer screen, especially when this can be changed quickly and easily7 have (a) thin/thick skin8 get under somebody’s skin9 by the skin of your teeth10 make somebody’s skin crawl11 be skin and bone12 it’s no skin off somebody’s nose13 something is only skin deep14 skins save somebody’s skin at save1(11), → jump out of your skin at jump1(4)COLLOCATIONSadjectivesfair/pale/whiteI have fair skin that burns very easily.dark/brown/blacka girl with beautiful dark skinolive (=the colour typical of people from Greece, Italy etc)a boy with dark eyes and olive skintannedHis skin was slightly tanned.smooth/soft Her skin was smooth and pale.beautifulShe had beautiful brown skin.good/healthy/clear (=smooth and without any red spots)Vitamin E helps keep your skin healthy.bad/terrible (=with many spots or marks)I had terrible skin when I was a teenager.My skin’s really bad at the moment.flawless (=perfect, with no spots or marks)The girls all had perfect features and flawless skin.dry A lot of women suffer from dry skin.oilyMy skin has a tendency to be oily.sensitive (=becoming red or sore easily)Special shampoos are available for those with sensitive skin.itchy (=making you want to scratch)The cream made my skin feel itchy.rough (=not smooth or soft)The skin on his hands was rough and dry.leathery (=thick and dry)a lean man with leathery skin and sea-blue eyeswrinkled (=covered in lines because of age)an old lady with wrinkled skinscaly (=hard and dry, like the skin on animals such as lizards)The crocodile’s scaly skin is ideally suited to its way of life.verbsburn/damage your skinStrong sunlight can damage your skin.break the skin (=make a hole in it)Luckily the skin wasn't broken.protect your skinIt's important to use suntan lotion to protect your skin.irritate your skin (=make it red or sore)Some types of make-up can irritate your skin.soothe your skin (=to stop it feeling painful or uncomfortable)The lotion helps to soothe your skin after you've been in the sun all day.your skin glows/shines (=it looks healthy)beauty products that will make your skin glowyour skin peels (=the top layer comes off after you have had a sun tan)The week after the holiday my skin was already starting to peel.your skin sags (=it hangs down in loose folds, because you are old)The skin on her arms was already starting to sag.skin + NOUNskin colour (also the colour of your skin)There is still discrimination on the basis of skin colour.skin tone (=how light or dark someone’s skin is)Do the colours of your clothes enhance your skin tone?a skin condition/complaint/diseaseShe suffers from a nasty skin condition.skin irritationA lot of chemicals can cause skin irritation.a skin rashSkin rashes are common among children.skin cancerToo much exposure to the sun can cause skin cancer.
Examples from the Corpus
skina sheepskin jacketa skin diseasea skin on the top of the puddingBunched tightly together by older men in animal skins and carrying spears, they perform a ceremonial dance to insistent drumming.Their huts were short tepees protected by tree branches or rounded huts covered with animal skins.Remove pits from persimmons, then scrape pulp free from skins with teaspoon.She felt heady with excitement, and her skin tingled.leopard skinsHe was born with a white layer of skin over his right eye.a cleanser for oily skinonion skinpotato skinsThe toad's skin produces a poisonous substance.He brushed against her beautifully soft skin.Those cells which can form pigment migrate beneath the skin and enter all the feather germs.When your skin was young, it could fend for itself.