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Topic: CIVIL

Sense: 1-6, 9
Date: 1400-1500
Language: French
Origin: Latin pila; PILLAR
Sense: 7
Date: 1500-1600
Language: Latin
Origin: pilus 'hair'
Sense: 8
Origin: Old English pil, from Latin pilum 'javelin'
Sense: 10
Date: 1400-1500
Language: Latin
Origin: pila 'ball'

pile

1 noun
     
pile
pile1 S2
1

arrangement of things

[countable] a group of several things of the same type that are put on top of each other [= stack]
pile of
His mother came in carrying a pile of ironing in her arms.
Flora shuffled through a pile of magazines.
put something in/into a pile
She tidied up the books and put them in neat piles.
He balanced the plate on the top of a pile of books.
2

large amount

[countable] a large amount of something arranged in a shape that looks like a small hill
pile of
piles of melting snow
All that remained of the old house was a pile of rubble.
Sophie stooped to throw another branch on the pile.
He began to sweep the pieces of glass into a pile.
3

a pile of something

also piles of something informal a lot of something:
We've had piles of letters from viewers.
another pile of directives from the EU
4

the bottom of the pile

British English the weakest or least important position in a society or organization:
I soon discovered I was at the bottom of the pile in the office hierarchy.
She always puts her own needs to the bottom of the pile.
5

the top of the pile

British English the best or highest position in a society or organization:
It's been 20 years since a British tennis player was at the top of the pile.
6

house

[countable] a very large old house:
They've just bought an 18th-century pile in Surrey.
7

material

[uncountable and countable]TIM the soft surface of short threads on a carpet or some types of cloth
thick/deep pile
Her feet sank into the thick pile of the rug.
a deep pile carpet
nap1 (2)
8

post

[countable]TBCTEC technical a heavy wooden, stone, or metal post, used to support something heavy
9

make a/your pile

informal to make a lot of money:
He had made his pile in the wholesale business.
10

piles

[plural] painfully swollen blood vessels near a person's anus
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