Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Topic: COMPUTERS

Sense: 1-3, 5
Date: 1500-1600
Language: French
Origin: fil 'thread', from Latin filum (because documents were stored on pieces of string).
Sense: 4
Origin: Old English feol

file

1 noun
     
file1 S1 W2 [countable]
1 a set of papers, records etc that contain information about a particular person or subject
file on
Mendoza read over the file on the murders.
The FBI keeps files on former White House employees.
We will keep your details on file (=store them for later use).
police/case/medical etc file
a copy of the court file
2 a box or piece of folded card in which you store loose papers:
She pulled a blue file from the shelf.
3TD information on a computer that you store under a particular nameCOLLOCATIONS COLLOCATIONS
open a file close a file save a file create a file delete a file copy a file access a file edit a file (=make changes to it) download a file (=make a copy of a file on the hard disk of your computer) text/data/graphics file (=containing text etc)
Click on the icon to open the file.
You can always save the file into another directory.
files downloaded from the Internet
a plain text file
4TZ a metal tool with a rough surface that you rub on something to make it smooth nail file
5 a line of people who are standing or walking one behind the other
file of
a file of soldiers marching in step
in file
It was dark as we set off in file.
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