From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishrunrun1 /rʌn/ ●●● S1 W1 verb (past tense ran /ræn/, past participle run, present participle running) 1 move quickly using your legsRUN a) [intransitive] to move very quickly, by moving your legs more quickly than when you walkrun down/up/to/towards etc I ran down the stairs as fast as I could. He was running towards the door. She turned and ran away. The boys ran off into the crowd.run to do something Several people ran to help her when she fell. The children came running out of the house. Women ran screaming, with children in their arms. Jane struggled free and ran for her life (=ran in order to avoid being killed). Hurry! Run for it (=run as quickly as possible in order to escape)! He picked up the child and ran like hell (=ran very quickly, especially in order to escape). not polite b) [transitive] to run a particular distance Firefighters are to run 500km to raise money for a children’s charity. He ran the length of the corridor.2 race a) [intransitive, transitive]DSO to run in a race I’d never run a marathon before.run in Murray has said she will consider running in the 3000 metres. b) [transitive]DSO if a race is run at a particular time or in a particular place, it happens at that time or in that place The Derby will be run at 3 o'clock. Grammar Run is usually passive in this meaning.3 organize/be in charge of [transitive]CONTROL to organize or be in charge of an activity, business, organization, or country For a while, she ran a restaurant in Boston. Many people don’t care who runs the country. Courses are currently being run in London and Edinburgh. Many people belong to a pension scheme run by their employers.well/badly run The hotel is well-run and extremely popular. a state-run (=controlled by the government) television station► see thesaurus at control4 RUNdo something/go somewhere quickly [intransitive] to do something or go somewhere quickly Run and ask your mother where she’s put the keys.run to I need to run to the store for some more milk.5 buses/trains etc a) TT[intransitive] if a bus, train etc service runs, it takes people from one place to another at fixed times The buses don’t run on Sundays.run to The number 61 bus runs to the city centre. b) [transitive]TT if a company or other organization runs a bus, train etc service, they make it operate They’re running special trains to and from the exhibition.6 computersTD a) [intransitive] if a computer program runs, it operatesrun on The software will run on any PC. b) [transitive] if you run a program, you make it operate The RS8 system runs both Unix and MPX-32.7 machine/engine a) [intransitive] if a machine or engine runs, it operates She got out of the car and left the engine running.run on electricity/gas/petrol etc (=get its power from electricity etc) Most cars run on unleaded fuel.run off something (=use something for power) It runs off batteries. b) [transitive] if you run a machine or engine, you make it operate You shouldn’t keep the engine running when the car is standing still. I often run the washing machine more than once a day.8 tape a) [intransitive] if a tape is running, it is recording She didn’t realize the tape was running as she spoke. Grammar Run is usually used in the progressive in this meaning. b) [transitive] if you run a tape, you make it move backwards or forwards Run the tape back to the beginning.9 newspaper/television a) [transitive] to print something in a newspaper or magazine, or broadcast something on television The company is running a series of advertisements in national newspapers. A local TV station ran her story. b) [intransitive] if a program runs on television, it is shown. If a story runs in a newspaper or magazine, it is printed The series ran for 20 episodes and was extremely popular. Conan Doyle’s stories ran in ‘The Strand’ magazine.10 fast/out of control [intransitive always + adverb/preposition]FAST/QUICK to move too fast or in an uncontrolled way Her car ran off the road and into a tree. The truck ran out of control and hit a house.11 use a vehicle [transitive] especially British EnglishTTC to own and use a vehicle I can’t afford to run a car. A bicycle is relatively cheap to buy and run.12 take somebody in your car [transitive always + adverb/preposition] informalTAKE/BRING to take someone somewhere in your car syn drive Shall I run you home?run somebody to something Let me run you to the station.13 in an election [intransitive] especially American EnglishPPVVOTE/ELECT to try to be elected in an election syn stand British Englishrun for Salinas is running for a second term as president. an attempt to encourage more women to run for officerun against Feinstein will win if she runs against Lungren.14 something long [intransitive, transitive always + adverb/preposition]DNTTR if something long such as a road or wire runs in a particular direction, that is its position, or that is where you put it The road runs along a valley. Developers want to run a road right through his farm. Run the cables under the carpet. The Sierra mountain range runs the length of the north west coast of Majorca.15 move something on a surface [transitive always + adverb/preposition]RUB to move something lightly along a surface Charles ran his fingers through her hair. Run the scanner over the bar codes.16 flow [intransitive always + adverb/preposition]LIQUID to flow in a particular direction or place Tears started to run down her cheeks. Water was running off the roof.17 tap [intransitive, transitive]DHH if a tap is running, water is coming out of it, or if you run a tap, you make water come out of it Did you leave the tap running? He ran the tap until the water was really hot.18 → run a bath19 somebody’s nose [intransitive]HBH if someone’s nose is running, liquid is flowing out of it20 official papers [intransitive]USE something if something runs for a particular length of time, it can officially be used for that time The contract runs for a year. My car insurance only has another month to run.21 play/film [intransitive]APTAMF to continue being performed regularly in one place The play ran for two years.22 happen [intransitive]PLAN to happen in a particular way or at a particular time Andy kept things running smoothly (=happening in the way they should) while I was away. He was given a further three month prison sentence to run concurrently. The course runs over a three year period.23 amount/price [intransitive] to be at a particular level, amount, or pricerun at Inflation was running at 5%.run to The cost of repairing the damage could run to $5000.24 story/account etc [intransitive, transitive]STORY if a story, discussion etc runs in a particular way, it has those particular words or events The story runs that someone offered Lynch a further $500. ‘President’s marriage really over’ ran the headline in a national newspaper.25 → run its course26 → something will run and run27 thoughts/feelings [intransitive always + adverb/preposition]THINK something/HAVE A THOUGHT if a feeling runs through you, or a thought runs through your mind, you feel it or think it quicklyrun through/down A feeling of excitement ran through her body as they touched. The same thought kept running through his mind. A cold shiver ran down my back. I felt a sharp pain run down my leg.28 → run high29 → run somebody’s life30 → run for cover31 colour in clothes [intransitive]SPREAD if colour runs, it spreads from one piece of clothing or one area of cloth to another when the clothes are wet The T-shirt ran and made all my other clothes pink.32 paint/ink [intransitive]SPREAD if paint runs, it moves onto an area where you did not intend it to go33 → run a check/test/experiment etc34 hole in clothes [intransitive]DCCHOLE if a hole in tights or stockings runs, it gets bigger in a straight line35 → run drugs/guns36 → run in the family37 → run a temperature/fever38 → run a mile39 → run late/early/on time40 → be running scared41 → come running42 → run your eyes over/along etc something43 → run before you can walk44 → run a (red) light → running1, → cut and run at cut1(38), → be/run/go counter to something at counter3, → run deep at deep2(4), → run dry at dry1(4), → run low at low1(4), → run somebody ragged at ragged(5), → run rings around somebody at ring1(8), → run riot at riot1(2), → be running short at short3(2), → run somebody/something to earth at earth1(14), → run to fat at fat2(6), → run somebody/something to ground at ground1(19), → run to seed at seed1(4), → run wild at wild2(1), → be up and running at up1(22)THESAURUSrun to move very quickly, by moving your legs more quickly than when you walkMy five-year-old son runs everywhere.I go running twice a week.jog to run quite slowly for exercise over a long distanceA few people were jogging in the park.race/dash to run somewhere as quickly as you can, especially because you have to do something urgentlyHe dashed across the road to the police station.We raced to the bus stop and got there just in time.sprint to run as fast as you can for a short distanceI saw the runners sprinting past.He sprinted up the stairs.tear to run very quickly and without really looking where you are going, because you are in a hurryHe tore down the street and around the corner.charge to run quickly and with a lot of energy, so that you might knock down anyone or anything that gets in your wayThey all charged out of the school gates at 4 o'clock.Dennis charged through the door into my office.take to your heels to start running away very quickly, especially to escape or because you are afraidThe men took to their heels as soon as they saw the police.leg it British English informal to run away very quickly, in order to escape from someone or somethingI legged it before the cops came.lope especially literary to run easily with long steps – used especially about tall people with long legsJohn loped across the street to meet me.animals runningtrot to run fairly slowly, taking short steps – used especially about horses and dogsA little dog was trotting behind her.gallop if a horse gallops, it runs very quicklyThe horse galloped off across the field.bolt to suddenly run somewhere very fast, especially in order to escapeSuddenly a fox bolted out from beneath a hedge. → run across somebody/something → run after somebody/something → run along → run around → run around after somebody → run around with somebody → run away → run away with somebody/something → run something by/past somebody → run down → run somebody/something ↔ in → run into somebody/something → run off → run off with somebody/something → run on → run out → run out on somebody → run over → run something past somebody → run round → run through → run to somebody/something → run up something → run up against something/somebody → run with something→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpusrun• Ellis has not yet announced whether or not he will run.• I've never run a marathon before.• Christina runs a restaurant in Houston.• Her dog was running after a rabbit and did not hear her calling.• A stream runs along the bottom of the field.• The servant was frightened and ran away.• They ran back and found Alice had been struck dead by lighting.• a drug counselling service that is run by ex-addicts• Caltrain runs commuter trains to San Jose.• Mr Elliott suffered both internal and external injuries when he was allegedly run down twice by a car at the weekend.• I think I'll probably run for about 40 minutes, then come back for a shower.• I ran four miles Saturday, and I can tell you I was exhausted after it.• Dorothy was reunited with her family after the newspaper ran her story.• We run into this problem here in Congress.• Most of the former inmates sought refuge in his abbey, and many stayed on to help run it.• How has your car been running lately?• As they ran on together across the flat open plateau, Yanto explained breathlessly what he had done.• Sedentary men, particularly those over 40, should not start a running program without a physical exam, he said.• I ran screaming out of the house.• A dog ran straight out in front of my car.• Barkley's contract only runs through next season.• On my daily mail run to the Chautauqua office I feel the mountains over my shoulder stalking me.• He kept on running until he was out in the open country.• I hope these jeans don't run when I wash them.• I'm afraid the colors ran when I washed your shirt.ran for ... life• Farmers who had refused to leave their homes and livestock ran for their lives.run in• Owens is running in the 200 meters.well/badly run• Schools were clean, attractive, safe, and well run.• The office had never been so well run.• But despite the criticisms, the prison is described as well run and the report praised staff relations with the inmates.• Panel interviews, if they are well run and well organized, can be particularly searching.• Needwood Muppet, 25-1 with Coral, could well run into a place.• In Belfast we assumed that the number of socially-patterned variables that we might uncover could well run into the hundreds.• Man, that was a badly run operation.• In race one, Hodgson was able to get a better run through the backmarkers and hold the lead to the line.run to• Weekly rates run to $3,750 during June, July, and August.• Then came a time when I was running, not knowing where I was running to.• But sadly there was no longer an Aunt Millie to run to.• The company budget wouldn't run to a Mercedes, so I had to make do with a Ford instead.• I don't think my salary quite runs to holidays in the Caribbean!• They run to keep alive a tradition started by colonial Brits 58 years ago.• Well I warned you, so don't come running to me when everything goes wrong!• At least four names are in the running to replace Dole.• The interview transcripts run to some 121 pages and can only be superficially summarized here.• The measures will run to the end of 1990, the same period as wage controls imposed at the weekend.• More of the Duke's men had run to the room and the noise of the fighting grew louder.• I need to run to the store for some milk.• She ran to the wall and began to climb.run to• But sadly there was no longer an Aunt Millie to run to.• Then came a time when I was running, not knowing where I was running to.• They run to keep alive a tradition started by colonial Brits 58 years ago.• At least four names are in the running to replace Dole.• The interview transcripts run to some 121 pages and can only be superficially summarized here.• The measures will run to the end of 1990, the same period as wage controls imposed at the weekend.• More of the Duke's men had run to the room and the noise of the fighting grew louder.• She ran to the wall and began to climb.run on• Sorry, I'm running on a bit. What did you want to say?• Don't allow meetings to run on; set an agenda and stick to it.• Business lunches do tend to run on sometimes.run on electricity/gas/petrol etc• Even on the lake for instance, motorboats are not allowed and the hired boats run on electricity.• Or you could have your engine converted to run on gas.• Ultimately this reef runs on electricity.ran out of control• Illegal trophy hunting ran out of control and 80 per cent of the Serengeti's elephants died.run for office• I wanted to run for office.• Money not only determines who is elected, it determines who runs for office.• On second thought, maybe he could just run for office.• Stephen Merrill when he ran for office.• Women's business, trade and expertise; women identifying talent in other women and supporting them to run for office.• Not surprisingly, James was against the idea of my running for office from the start.• If you ran for office here and said you were for late-term abortions, you could pretty much hang it up.• The citizens who stepped out of the crowd and ran for office Tuesday showed they had that trait.runs the length of• Then Red runs the length of the court, grabs a pass, drives to the basket and sinks one.• From here another narrow twisting road begins which runs the length of the Duddon valley.running smoothly• Riboli and his wife keep the winery running smoothly.• But it's just to keep things running smoothly.• Tiny, energetic, imaginative, she drove advertising sales to ever-new heights and kept the business departments running smoothly.• Today Riboli, his wife Maddalena and their children keep the winery running smoothly.• Once the engine is running smoothly, a backfire can be dramatic.• My job as duty officer involves keeping Teesside Airport running smoothly at all times.• Like every other business, it needs good management to keep it running smoothly, especially during times of change.• Yes, things were running smoothly once more.• Backup power at bridge Backup power systems kept the Golden Gate Bridge toll plaza running smoothly with no delays on the bridge.run to• But sadly there was no longer an Aunt Millie to run to.• Then came a time when I was running, not knowing where I was running to.• At least four names are in the running to replace Dole.• The interview transcripts run to some 121 pages and can only be superficially summarized here.• The measures will run to the end of 1990, the same period as wage controls imposed at the weekend.• More of the Duke's men had run to the room and the noise of the fighting grew louder.• She ran to the wall and began to climb.run through/down• The festival opens Feb. 28 and runs through April 4.• The two-for-one fares run through Feb. 14.• The exhibit runs through February 9.• Tears running down her face, she put the eggs back in their nest a false picture of natural felicity.• She realized that he must know exactly what was running through her mind.• The yard will be run down over the next three weeks with the loss of 600 jobs.• It is impossible to see a logical pattern running through the narrative as Luke records it.