Topic: Conditions of employment
From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishconditioncon‧di‧tion1 /kənˈdɪʃən/ ●●● S2 W1 noun 1 → conditions2 → conditions3 → conditions4 state [singular, uncountable]CONDITION/STATE OF something the state that something is in, especially how good or bad its physical state isin (a) good/poor/excellent/terrible etc condition The car has been well maintained and is in excellent condition. The house was in a terrible condition.condition of The condition of nuclear plants is a matter of great concern.5 health/fitness [singular, uncountable]HEALTHY how healthy or fit you are She is being treated at Walton Hospital, where her condition is described as ‘satisfactory’.in (a) critical/stable/satisfactory condition One of the victims was in a critical condition after suffering severe burns.physical/mental condition If you are uncertain about your physical condition, check with your doctor before trying these exercises. ‘I’m so out of condition (=unfit), ’ she panted. an athlete in peak conditionin no condition to do something (=too drunk, ill, or upset to be able to do something) I was in no condition to cope with a train journey. Mark can’t possibly drive home in that condition (=when he is so drunk, ill, or upset).6 agreement/contract [countable]CONDITION/something THAT MUST BE DONE something that you must agree to in order for something to happen, especially when this is included in a contract She laid down only one condition: that her name not be revealed.condition for There were strict conditions for letting us use their information. The bank agreed to extend the loan if certain conditions were met. A statement of your terms and conditions of employment can be found in the Personnel Handbook. He was released on bail on condition that he did not go within half a mile of his mother’s address. The application was approved, subject to certain conditions.7 for something to happen [countable]CONDITION/something THAT MUST BE DONE something that must exist or happen first, before something else can happencondition for/of Our goal is to create the conditions for a lasting peace. Investment is a necessary condition of economic growth.8 illness [countable]MIILLNESS/DISEASE an illness or health problem that affects you permanently or for a very long time People suffering from this condition should not smoke.heart/lung etc condition She has a serious heart condition. Was he being treated for any medical condition?► see thesaurus at illness9 situation of group [singular] formalCONDITION/STATE OF something the situation or state of a particular group of people, especially when they have problems and difficulties the condition of the poor in our cities All my paintings are ultimately about the human condition.10 → on no conditionCOLLOCATIONS – Meaning 6: something that you must agree to in order for something to happen, especially when this is included in a contractverbslay down/set/impose conditions (=say what someone must agree to)They laid down certain conditions before agreeing to the ceasefire.attach a condition (=say that an agreement depends on something)Only one condition was attached to this agreement.accept/agree to conditionsHe refused to accept the conditions set by the rebel leader.meet/satisfy/fulfil a condition (=do what has been agreed)In order to get a state pension, you must satisfy certain conditions.comply with/observe a condition (=act according to a condition)You must agree to comply with the bank’s conditions before you can get a loan.adjectivesa strict conditionThe US agreed to give financial aid, with a number of strict conditions.phraseson condition that formal (=only if a particular thing is agreed to)The police released him on condition that he return the following week.on one condition (=only if one particular thing is agreed to)You can go, but only on one condition - you have to be back by eleven.on certain conditionsHe said we could rent the house from him on certain conditions.terms and conditions (=what a contract says must be done)Before you buy online, make sure you read the terms and conditions.be subject to a condition (=depend on a particular thing that must be done)Permission to build on the land will be subject to certain conditions.a breach of (a) condition (=an act of not doing what has been agreed)You can sue the company for a breach of condition.THESAURUS – Meaning 4: the state that something is in, especially how good or bad its physical state isthe condition of somethingcondition how something looks and whether it is damaged, working etc or notThe price of used cars varies according to their condition.How well your plants will grow depends on the quality and condition of the soil.The house is in very good condition.state the condition of something at a particular time – use this especially when something is in bad condition because it has not been well looked afterOne of the things people complain of most is the state of the sidewalks.When I got back home, I was horrified to see what a terrible state the kitchen was in.in bad conditionin (a) bad/terrible/awful condition (also in a bad state especially British English) if something is in bad condition, it is damaged, dirty, not working properly, etcThe road was in a very bad condition.The inspectors said the bridge was in a bad state and potentially dangerous.shabby used especially about clothes, furniture, or buildings that are in bad condition because they are old and have been used a lotHis clothes were shabby and ill-fitting.They lived in a shabby one-room apartment.tattered used about clothes or books that are old and tornThe old man clutched a tattered copy of ‘War and Peace’.The shirt was now tattered beyond recognition.dilapidated used about a building that is in very bad condition because it has not been looked afterHe shared a dilapidated house with five other people.The hotel looked slightly dilapidated.run-down used about a building or area that is in bad condition, especially because the people who live there do not have enough money to look after it properlyHe found lodgings at a run-down motel.We lived in a run-down part of the city.derelict used about something such as a house or piece of land that is in very bad condition, because it has been empty for a very long timeIn the middle of town is a derelict building that used to be the school.The land behind the factory is stony and derelict.battered used about something that is old and in bad condition because it has been used a lot and treated roughlyThere was nothing in his office except for a few battered chairs.Alex and Lisa used to drive around town in a battered old Fiat Uno.rickety used about furniture and other structures that are in such bad condition that they look as if they would break if you tried to use themThe staircase was old and rickety.They sat around the card table on rickety old chairs.a rickety bamboo fenceclapped-out British English informal, beat-up American English informal [usually before noun] used about a vehicle or machine that is so old that it does not work properlyShe drives an old beat-up Ford.He was using a clapped-out old typewriter.be falling apart especially spoken if something is falling apart, it is gradually breaking into pieces, because it is old or badly madeI need some new shoes. These are falling apart.be on its last legs informal if a vehicle or machine is on its last legs, it has been used so much and is in such bad condition that you will soon not be able to use it anymoreThe washing machine was on its last legs.have seen better days informal if something has seen better days, it is not in as good condition as it wasThe carpets, curtains, and cushions had all seen better days but still looked quite pretty.She lived in an old Victorian house that had certainly seen better days.in good conditionin good condition something that is in good condition is not broken and has no marks or other things wrong with itThe car hadn’t been used much, and was in very good condition.The charity is accepting toys and clothing in good condition.in good shape in good condition – used especially about a person or part of their body, or about something that has had a lot of use or is rather oldDoctor Morrissey told her that her leg was healing well, and was now in very good shape.To avoid accidents, it’s important to check that all your tools are in good shape before starting.in perfect/mint condition something that is in perfect or mint condition looks as good or works as well as when it was new, especially because it has not been used or touched very muchThe book is over 100 years old, but it’s still in perfect condition.The car had been kept in the garage for 20 years and was in mint condition.as good as new something that is as good as new is almost as good as when it was new – used about things that have recently been cleaned or repairedI’ve just had the bike serviced, and it looks as good as new.COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 8: an illness or health problem that affects you permanently or for a very long timeADJECTIVES/NOUN + conditiona medical conditionShe has an unusual medical condition.a heart/lung/skin etc conditionI’m taking some medicine for a heart condition.a chronic condition (=continuing for a long time and not possible to cure)People with chronic medical conditions need long-term care.a common conditionDepression is a very common condition.a rare conditionHe had a rare condition which made all his hair fall out.a genetic/hereditary condition (=that is passed from parent to child)The disease is a genetic condition that eventually causes blindness.a life-threatening condition (=that may cause death)The surgery repaired a potentially life-threatening heart condition.verbshave a conditionThe baby has a rare skin condition.suffer from a conditionHe has suffered from this condition for many years.COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 1: adjectivesworking conditionsAn office must be able to provide safe working conditions.living conditionsLiving conditions in the camp were dreadful.physical conditionsMany teachers have to work in poor physical conditions.poor conditionsThe refugees are living in camps in very poor conditions.appalling/dreadful conditions (=very bad)Some of the animals were being kept in appalling conditions.overcrowded/crowded conditionsFamilies here are living in dirty, overcrowded conditions.insanitary/unhygienic conditions (=dirty)Diseases spread quickly among people living in insanitary conditions.cramped conditions (=without enough space)The hostages were held in extremely cramped conditions.inhumane conditionsLive animals were transported under inhumane conditions.
Examples from the Corpuscondition• It is a condition of my contract with the university that I spend half of the summer vacation doing research.• The plant is sensitive to alkaline conditions and prefers cool waters but temporarily withstands higher temperatures.• How well your plants will grow depends on the quality and condition of the soil.• Women in better paid jobs can negotiate better conditions especially for nannies who live in.• The World Bank will only agree to make this loan if certain conditions are met.• It can take years of therapy to undo early childhood conditioning.• The Chancellor says that give conditions have to be met before the UK joins the Euro.• The basic structure of the house is in very good condition.• Diane suffers from a rare heart condition which means she has to take drugs all the time.• Her condition is good, but she's extremely tired.• The settlement put a Dec. 31 deadline on meeting conditions of the agreement or the purchasing authority would expire.• In her view, women's full participation in the labor market is a necessary condition of equality.• I'm not buying anything until I see what kind of condition it's in.• Given optimum conditions, Oscars will breed in captivity, but sexing is difficult.• The physical condition of the Pottery Hut is not conducive to a pleasant working atmosphere.• The seventh-grader was taken to a Hartford hospital where he was in serious condition under police guard on Tuesday.• The Pentagon laid down strict conditions regarding the export of these weapons.• I stood in a white wilderness, and perceived that to gather wood for burning in such conditions was not easy.• Our science laboratories were in such a terrible condition we've had to close them.• Finance ministers claimed that all the conditions for economic revival were already in place.• Travel agents cannot guarantee the condition of the cruise ship or the food served aboard it.• One of the conditions of the agreement was that both sides would call an immediate ceasefire.• Some people who have HIV show no outward signs of the condition.• After two weeks of negotiations the two sides still cannot agree on the conditions.• Under the conditions of the GATT trade agreement, farm subsidies would be gradually phased out.• The price of used cars varies according to their condition.• People with your condition should not smoke.condition of• Be sure you read and understand the conditions of participation in the program.in that condition• Never leave anybody in that condition face down.• It was difficult to feel delighted about anything in that condition.• With your foot in that condition you can not go very far.• Would you believe that the sight of her in that condition made me feel differently about her?subject to ... conditions• The funding of this financing is subject to certain conditions, including the consummation of the Equity Tender Offer.necessary condition• Consensus has to be a necessary condition of partnership.• So indeterminism is a necessary condition of the later development of morally important freedom in rational beings.• This is a necessary condition for obtaining clearance.• Of course consent to obey the law is not a necessary condition of such an attitude.• An objection to this argument is that a legal obligation is not a necessary condition for a liability.• Most people agreed that a certain amount of clearance and demolition provided a necessary condition for renewal.• This is quite true, given the existence of some very important necessary conditions.medical condition• In both groups one quarter perceived it to be caused by a medical condition, particularly more older male sufferers.• And we have a very inadequate system for long-term care or assistance for people with chronic medical conditions.• How can I change jobs if I have a pre-existing medical condition?• Unlike the E111 certificates used by tourists to cover emergency treatment, the E112 covers patients with existing medical conditions.• It does have different characteristics from other more fixed medical conditions, such as cerebral palsy.• Maya has been released from the hospital but her medical condition is unclear.• Neither sleep apnoea nor any other medical condition was a prerequisite for inclusion in this sampling.• Patients who absconded were always accepted back, whether their medical condition warranted it or not.human condition• This is, as Morrissey well knows, a perfectly natural human condition.• Franco, after all, believed that war was the normal human condition.• And that includes the part of our human condition that fuses language and reality and bares our minds to deception.• Humpty Dumpty: the purest embodiment of the human condition.• This is an image of the human condition.• As an observer of the human condition, all I do is question it.• Even the typewriters seemed to be muffled, recording discreetly the secrets of the human condition.• But then I do see the human condition as mostly solitary.