Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Topic: CRIME AND LAW

Date: 1400-1500
Language: Latin
Origin: victima 'person or animal killed as a religious offering'

victim

noun
     
vic‧tim S2 W2 [countable]
1SC someone who has been attacked, robbed, or murdered:
The victim received head injuries from which she died a week later.
rape/murder etc victim
Most homicide victims are under 30.
victim of
victims of crime
a credit card fraud ring that stole millions of dollars from unsuspecting victims
2 someone who suffers because of something bad that happens or because of an illnessCOLLOCATIONS COLLOCATIONS
be the victim of something famine/earthquake/flood etc victim cancer/AIDS etc victim accident/crash victim innocent victim victim of circumstance (=someone who suffers because of something they cannot control) victim mentality (=when someone always thinks of themselves as a victim) blame the victim
victim of
victims of age discrimination
He was the victim of an administrative error.
a massive aid programme for the famine victims
AIDS victims and other patients who are terminally ill
All these people are innocent victims.
He was used to being in charge, not being the victim of circumstance.
Saying that the unemployed 'don't want to work' is a classic case of blaming the victim.
3

fall victim to something

written
a) to be attacked, killed etc, or to get a particular illness, especially one that kills:
One theory is that the hostages fell victim to bandits.
b) to be badly affected or destroyed by a situation:
Many small businesses have fallen victim to the recession.
4

be a victim of its own success

to be badly affected by some unexpected results of being very successful:
There are now so many tourists that the area has become a victim of its own success.
5

sacrificial victim

RR a person or animal that is killed and offered as a sacrifice (=gift) to a god
6

fashion/style victim

someone who always wears the most fashionable clothes even if they do not look good in them
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