From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishresearchre‧search1 /rɪˈsɜːtʃ, ˈriːsɜːtʃ $ -ɜːr-/ ●●● S2 W1 AWL noun [uncountable] (also researches [plural] formal) 1 SESTUDYserious study of a subject, in order to discover new facts or test new ideasresearch into/on research into the causes of cancer Gould was helped in his researches by local naturalists.2 STUDYthe activity of finding information about something that you are interested in or need to know about It’s a good idea to do some research before you buy a house. → investigation → market researchCOLLOCATIONSverbsdo/carry out research (also conduct research formal)The research was carried out by a team of scientists at Edinburgh University.Little research has been conducted into the subject.undertake research formal (=start or do research)They are planning to undertake research into the genetic causes of the disease.adjectivesscientific researchOur conclusions are based on scientific research.medical researchThe charity raises money for medical research.historical researchThis is a fascinating piece of historical research.basic research (=the most important or most necessary area of research)He wants to conduct basic research into the nature of human cells.extensive research (=research that examines a lot of information and details)Extensive research has proved the theory wrong.painstaking research (=very careful and thorough research)She spent years carrying out painstaking historical research.pioneering research (=research that produces completely new information)Watson did pioneering research on the long-term effects of dieting.research + NOUNa research project/programmeThe research project will be funded by the Medical Research Council.research findings (=what is discovered by a piece of research)He will present his research findings at the conference.research workDoctor Fox received world-wide acclaim for her research work on breast cancer.a research teamThe professor will head a research team working on the effects of climatic change on agriculture.a research studentHe supervised many research students.a research grant (=money for doing research)Have you applied for a research grant?phrasesan area/field of researchThis is a very exciting area of research.a piece of researchA recent piece of research shows why marriages break up.a body of research (=results from several pieces of research)There is a large body of research which indicates that passive smoking causes cancer.COMMON ERRORS ► Don’t say ‘make research’. Say do research or carry out research. THESAURUSresearch noun [uncountable] careful detailed work that is done in order to find out more about a subject, especially as a part of a scientific or academic projectBillions of dollars have been spent on research into the causes and treatment of cancer.The University has for a long time been a leading centre for research in this field.work noun [uncountable] the studies that have been done on a particular subjectFaraday is famous for his work on electricity.A lot of work has been done on hydrogen-powered cars.Their work had an enormous influence on the study of genetics.study noun [countable] a piece of work in which someone examines a particular subject in order to find out more about it, and writes about what they have foundThe study showed that 25 percent of adults do not eat breakfast at all, compared with 14 percent in 1961.Recent studies suggest that our sense of smell is closely linked with the part of the brain that deals with memory.experiment noun [countable] a scientific test in order to find out what happens when you do somethingThey carried out a series of experiments (=they did a series of experiments) in order to try to prove their theory.Experiments have shown that there is an increased risk of some forms of cancer.
Examples from the Corpusresearch• Current research, however, indicates that the cleavage cut through class lines.• She's doing research into the connection between crime and poverty.• Analytical work carried out as part of environmental research often falls into this category.• It defines producer services, and by reviewing existing research produces a better understanding of their role and growth.• Many science courses involve elements of library research as well as its laboratory equivalent.• Shaw hires mostly female salespeople because market research suggests that carpet shoppers are primarily women who prefer to buy from other women.• He hopes that his book will inspire more research on alcoholism.• More research is needed into the ways in which this virus is spread.• Much research is carried out using secondary or library data.• Many of the questions can be answered without carrying out any new research.• There are also posts in various environment-oriented research institutes and other organisations for which a knowledge of meteorology is advantageous.• The book draws on Gardner's own research.• Recent research has shown that human language is much older than we previously thought.• There is no scientific research to back up the company's claims.research into/on• research into the causes of cancer• More effective drugs had their origin in the basic research on chemical transmission of nerve impulses described in chapter 4.• Much of the current research on biological neural networks involves the study of invertebrate animals, such as sea slugs or starfish.• He did research on legal matters for Carmine and knew a great deal about his holdings and operations.• Some suggest segregating girls from boys in math and science courses, relying on dubious research on child development.• Decades of research on a major scale points the finger at cholesterol as one of the key risk factors for heart disease.• There has been very little previous research on autobiographical memory.• However, there is a dearth of systematic research into the changes effected.• Kirby looked at existing programs and concluded that research into their effectiveness is incomplete and unclear.do ... research• By these we do not just mean that lots of people do research and take time over it.• I always got my work done, and I have been able to do some research on the side.• She decided to do some research herself and then approach her boss directly to discuss the merits of additional outsourcing moves.• How to do research based on their theories has proved difficult for the phenomenologists.• Sending students to the library to do research reports on two possible careers simply is not adequate.• He had to buy a lot of different numbers of magazines to do his research.• I wanted to do my own research.