shiftshift2 ●●○ AWL noun [countable] 1 CHANGE YOUR MINDa change in the way people think about something, in the way something is done etcshift from/to the shift from one type of economic system to anothershift in an important shift in policy a marked shift (=noticeable change) in attitudes towards women2 a) BEJOB/WORKif workers in a factory, hospital etc work shifts, they work for a particular period of time during the day or night, and are then replaced by others, so that there are always people workingdo/work a (10-/12-/24- etc hour) shift Dave had to work a 12-hour shift yesterday. I work shifts.night/day etc shift The thought of working night shifts put her off becoming a nurse.early/late shift I’m on the early shift tomorrow.shift work/worker/working people who do shift work A shift system has been introduced. b) WORKERGROUP OF PEOPLEthe workers who work during one of these periodsnight/day/early/late shift before the early shift goes off duty3 TDa shift key To run the spell-checker, press SHIFT and F7.4 (also shift dress) a simple straight loose-fitting woman’s dressCOLLOCATIONS – Meaning 1: a change in the way people think about something, in the way something is done etcADJECTIVES/NOUN + shift a big/major shiftThere has recently been a big shift in the way people are accessing information. a significant/marked shift (=big and noticeable)There has been a significant shift in government policy on education.a fundamental shift (=a complete change)A fundamental shift in attitudes was underway.a sudden shiftShe immediately picked up his sudden shifts of mood.a dramatic shift (=a big and sudden change)Increased spending on the armed forces marks a dramatic shift in priorities.a small/slight shiftThere has been only a slight shift in income distribution.a gradual shiftThere has been a gradual shift in people’s attitudes towards cars.a subtle shift (=a change which is small and not easy to notice)Recently there has been a subtle shift in public opinion about the environment.a policy shiftThe policy shift was triggered by a sharp increase in violent crime.a cultural shiftWe all know there were cultural shifts in the 1960s that significantly changed our society.verbsmark/represent a shiftThe idea represents a dramatic shift in health care policy.cause/bring about a shiftThe affair has brought about a shift in the government’s attitude towards immigration. COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 2: verbswork a shiftThey work quite long shifts.do a shiftI did a 12-hour shift yesterday.work in shiftsWe had to work in shifts – four hours on and four off.be on shift (=be working a shift)He hardly sees the kids when he’s on shift.be on the late/early/night etc shift (=be working a particular shift)She’s on the late shift.be on day/night shifts (=be working a series of day or night shifts)He’s on night shifts all next week.ADJECTIVES/NOUN + shift a night shiftShe found it hard to stay awake during her night shifts at the factory.a day shiftHe’s going to be on day shifts for five days.a morning/afternoon/evening shiftAll the machines are cleaned at the end of every afternoon shift.an early/late shiftNobody wants to do the late shift.a 12-hour/16-hour etc shiftWe used to work eight-hour shifts.the graveyard shift informal (=a shift that begins late at night or very early in the morning)He chose to work the graveyard shift because the pay was slightly better.a double shift (=when someone works two shifts one after the other)He is only halfway through a 20-hour double shift.shift + NOUNshift work/working (=working shifts)Does the job involve shift work?a shift workerThe meetings are at different times so that shift workers have an opportunity to attend.a shift system (=a system in which people work shifts)A shift system was introduced in the department last year.
Examples from the Corpusshift• The new emphasis on human rights was a shift away from the policies of Nixon.• There has been a big shift in attitudes towards sex during the past 50 years.• The circuit of a 2-bit shift register is shown in Fig. 18.• It required six technicians to operate it on each shift.• With the end of the medieval period, however, a gradual shift in viewpoint took place.• The great shift toward less fatty beef and more chicken is a great, heart-healthy move.• At Ellesmere Port a foreman and seven fitters run a 24 hour operation in two main shifts.• We've seen a marked shift in our approach to the social issues.• But what kind of shift is involved?• He is very worried about the shift towards free market thinking in Eastern Europe.• Members of all three shifts were milling about the circular room: repeating rumours, distorting facts and generally hyping themselves up.shift from/to• A shift to the afternoons may end his nine-cups-of-coffee wake-up habit.• The orchestra swells and the canopy shifts to a subtle blue as its 2 million lights come alive.• If the question of control shifts from project planning to implementation, however, the federal role appears to be greater.• The nature of competition has shifted from the war of all against all to competition between fluid networks of complementary companies.• a major shift from manufacturing to service industries• The numbers shift to the left because the tab-align code is still in the text. 6.• Also practise the position shift from low to high and back.• The Boston economy expanded rapidly during the 1970s and the shift from a manufacturing to a service base accelerated during that time.• Still, the shift from slave to non-slave labour was striking.do/work a (10-/12-/24- etc hour) shift• In the early 1950s Highlander work shifted to make educational programs on the civil rights issue its major priority.• Her husband worked shifts so evening study would be difficult.• I am a nurse working shifts and enjoyed, and needed, early nights and morning lie-ins.• Our 68 staff work 12 hour shifts giving a 24 hour service.• People who do shift work often choose far longer hours than the basic hours that the Labour party would have them work.