English version

Topic: Environment & waste

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishenvironmenten‧vi‧ron‧ment /ɪnˈvaɪrənmənt/ ●●● S1 W1 AWL noun  1 the environment2 [countable, uncountable]SITUATION the people and things that are around you in your life, for example the buildings you use, the people you live or work with, and the general situation you are in The company had failed to provide a safe environment for its workers.3 [countable] the natural features of a place, for example its weather, the type of land it has, and the type of plants that grow in ithabitat a forest environment a very adaptable creature that will eat different foods in different environmentsCOLLOCATIONSMeaning 1: verbsprotect the environmentWe need to take drastic steps to protect the environment.conserve the environment formal (=protect it and prevent it from changing or being damaged)People need to live in harmony with nature and conserve the environment.harm/damage the environmentThe government insists that the dam will not harm the environment.destroy the environmentWe need to find ways of producing energy without destroying the environment.pollute the environmentNuclear waste will pollute the environment for centuries.clean up the environmentIt’s about time that we started cleaning up the environment.adjectivesthe natural environmentCurrent methods of farming are damaging the natural environment.the marine environment (=the sea and the creatures that live there)Fish farming poses a threat to the marine environment.phrasesbe good/bad for the environmentPlastic bags are bad for the environment.be harmful to the environmentEmissions from cars are harmful to the environment.protection of the environmentIn developing countries, protection of the environment is not a primary concern.conservation of the environmentThere are many organizations dedicated to conservation of the environment.damage/harm to the environmentA lot of chemicals used in industry cause harm to the environment.the destruction of the environmentLogging has led to the destruction of the natural environment.pollution of the environmentThe waste material must be stored safely to avoid pollution of the environment.the effect/impact on the environmentThe building’s design will minimize its impact on the environment.COMMON ERRORSDon’t say ‘hurt the environment’. Say harm the environment or damage the environment.THESAURUSthe environment the air, water, and land on Earth, which is affected by man’s activitiesWe need to do more to protect the environment.How much does air travel damage the environment?ecosystem technical all the animals and plants that exist in a place, considered as a single system with parts that depend on each otherthe island’s fragile ecosystemThe rapid decline in the number of great sharks is disrupting the marine ecosystem.habitat the natural home of an animal or plantThe tree can grow to be 120 feet tall in its natural habitat.the biosphere technical the Earth’s surface and atmosphere where animals and plants can liveScientists are monitoring changes in the global biosphere.ecology the scientific study of the way in which the animals, plants, and natural features of a place affect and depend on each otherShe’s studying marine ecology.green adjective [only before noun] relating to the environment or to protecting the environmentVoters are becoming more concerned about green issues.The party is keen to demonstrate its green credentials (=show that it thinks the environment is important).eco- prefix relating to the environment and protecting the environmenteco-friendly products (=which do not harm the environment)eco-tourism (=which does not harm the environment)eco-warrior (=someone who protests to try to save the environment)eco-sensitive land (=where the environment is easily damaged)COLLOCATIONSMeaning 2: the people and things that are around you in your life, for example the buildings you use, the people you live or work with, and the general situation you are inADJECTIVES/NOUN + environmentthe physical environment (=the place where you live or work, including buildings, furniture etc)Improvements to the physical environment range from removing graffiti to planting trees.the immediate environment (=the building in which you live or work, and the area very close to it)Most accidents happen to young children within the immediate environment of their home.a safe environmentThe playground provides a safe environment for children.a stable environment (=without any big changes)They argued that being married helps provide a stable environment for bringing up children.a friendly/pleasant environmentThe restaurant offers a stylish and friendly environment with first-class service.a clean/dirty environmentPeople who live in a very clean environment may have a lower immunity to germs.a competitive environmentOur business has to operate in an increasingly competitive environment.a working/learning environmentMost people prefer a quiet working environment.the home/domestic/family environmentA lot of children suffer because of problems in their home environment.the economic environmentThe economic environment has changed, and many countries are sliding into recession.the business environmentIn today’s fast-moving business environment, companies must be flexible.the political environmentMinisters are having to make these decisions in a difficult political environment.the cultural/social environmentChanges in the cultural environment affect people’s attitudes and values.COLLOCATIONSMeaning 3: the natural features of a place, for example its weather, the type of land it has, and the type of plants that grow in itadjectivesa coastal/desert/mountain etc environmentThe storm caused significant damage to the coastal environment.an inhospitable/harsh environment (=one where the conditions make life difficult)The freezing climate makes this one of the most inhospitable environments on the planet.a hostile environment (=with many difficulties and dangers)It is difficult to see how anything can survive in such a hostile environment.a fragile environment (=easily damaged or destroyed)Many people are worried about the impact of tourism on the region’s fragile environment.
Examples from the Corpus
environmentAlmost every newborn encounters an environment that acts toward it in a social way.Adaptation to a changing environment may be necessary as before to achieve traditional goals.As a social science, Geography focuses on how people create and use their socio-economic, built and cultural environments.Remember all those experiments with rats living in enriched environments?Do girls learn better in an all-female environment?It's not a very safe environment for children there.I didn't feel that the neighborhood was a very safe environment for kids.It is important to emphasize any explanation of the foot soldiers is highly contingent upon the environment in which they are operating.They wanted control over their environment, including financial, material, and other resources.Our company tries to maintain a pleasant work environment.We have tried to create a working environment in which everyone can develop their skills.