costcost2 ●●● S1 W2 verb 1 (past tense and past participle cost) [linking verb]COST to have a particular price A full day’s activities will cost you £45. His proposals could cost the taxpayer around £8 billion a year. How much would it cost us to replace?not cost somebody a penny (=cost nothing) It won’t cost you a penny for the first six months.cost a (small) fortune/a pretty penny (=have a very high price) It’s costing us a fortune in phone bills.cost a bomb/a packet British English (=have a very high price) What a fantastic dress. It must have cost a bomb! Lighting can change the look of a room and needn’t cost the earth (=have a price which is too high). Getting that insured is going to cost you an arm and a leg (=have a very high price).Cost is a linking verb that links the subject of the sentence with a noun, often an amount: Tickets cost $15. A second-hand car doesn’t cost much.2 → cost somebody their job/life/marriage etc3 → cost somebody dear/dearly4 (past tense and past participle costed) [transitive]BFCOUNT/CALCULATE to calculate the total price of something or decide how much the price of something should be We’ll get the plan costed before presenting it to the board. Grammar Cost is often passive in this meaning.5 → it will cost youCOLLOCATIONSphrasescost a lotTheir hair products are really good but they cost a lot.not cost muchSecond hand clothes don’t cost much.cost something per minute/hour/year etcCalls cost only 2p per minute.cost something per personThere’s a one-day course that costs £80 per person.cost something per head (=per person)The meal will cost about £20 per head.not cost (somebody) a penny (=cost nothing)Using the Internet, you can make phone calls that don’t cost a penny.cost a fortune/cost the earth (=have a very high price)If you use a lawyer, it will cost you a fortune.cost a bomb/a packet British English (=have a very high price)He has a new sports car that must have cost a bomb.cost an arm and a leg (=have a price that is much too high)A skiing holiday needn’t cost you an arm and a leg. THESAURUScost to have a particular priceThe book costs $25.A new kitchen will cost you a lot of money.It’s a nice dress and it didn’t cost much.be especially spoken to cost a particular amount of moneyThese shoes were only £5.be priced at something to have a particular price – used when giving the exact price that a shop or company charges for somethingTickets are priced at $20 for adults and $10 for kids.retail at something to be sold in shops at a particular price – used especially in businessThe scissors retail at £1.99 in department stores.sell/go for something used for saying what people usually pay for somethingHouses in this area sell for around £200,000.fetch used for saying what people pay for something, especially at a public saleThe painting fetched over $8,000 at auction.A sports car built for Mussolini is expected to fetch nearly £1 million at auction.set somebody back something informal to cost someone a lot of moneyA good set of speakers will set you back around £150.come to if a bill comes to a particular amount, it adds up to that amountThe bill came to £100 between four of us. → See Verb table
Examples from the Corpuscost• Tickets for the show cost £15 or £20.• The Department of Education estimates that it will cost $17 billion to build the new schools.• Our staff are trained to administer the policy on page 53, which costs £17 per person for 18 days.• Cable TV service costs $19.95 a month.• My first bike cost $ 200.• The options are being costed and analyzed.• The project had been incorrectly costed and the money ran out before it could be completed.• It would be a good idea to get the plan costed before presenting it to the board.• Look at Frank's new Mercedes - it must have cost a fortune.• Instead, they survive on a liquid diet that costs a staggering $ 10,000 a month.• Larry's years of hard drinking and living almost cost him his life.• How much does a house like that cost in America?• I stayed in a hotel in Paris which cost me $150 a night.• Slopeside lodgings cost more, but often you are spared the expense of renting a car.• Treasury sums said the rebate would be worth £4m, but would cost more to fix.• It is costing our industrialists dear, and our exporters.• All this delay has cost the company an important contract.• Mr Major has already discovered that repossessions and defaults cost the government money as well as damaging consumer confidence and financial institutions.• The field goal he missed cost the team the game.• Another mistake like that could cost you your job.cost the earth• A well planned, well made kitchen that doesn't cost the earth.• But ... but it must cost the earth.• He would miss seeing Harry and, besides, a weekend at some hotel would cost the earth.• In Coventry Sir William Lyons produced wonderful engineering and style-but he didn't believe his cars should cost the earth.• It's better than getting a locum in - they cost the earth and sometimes do more harm than good.• It would cost the earth, but it had to be safer than Nigel's Aston Martin.• But flooring need not cost the earth; nor is carpeting the only solution.• This is a flexible, well-designed machine which produces quality prints and doesn't cost the earth to print them.