Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Topic: GARDENING

Date: 1300-1400
Language: Old French
Origin: proignier, probably from provigner 'to breed plants from shoots', from Latin propago; PROPAGATE

prune

1 verb
     
prune1 [transitive]
1 also prune something ↔ backDLG to cut off some of the branches of a tree or bush to make it grow better:
The roses need pruning.
2 especially British English to make something smaller by removing parts that you do not need or want:
The company is pruning staff in order to reduce costs.
The original version of the text has been pruned quite a bit.
WORD FOCUS: cut WORD FOCUS: cut
chop to cut vegetables, meat, or wood into pieces
slice
to cut bread, vegetables, or meat into thin pieces
dice
to cut vegetables into small pieces
peel
to cut the outside part off an onion, apple etc
grate
to cut cheese or vegetables into small pieces by rubbing them against a special tool
carve
to cut pieces from a large piece of meat
saw
to cut wood using a special tool called a saw
chop down
to cut down a tree, using an axe
snip
to cut something quickly using scissors
shave
to remove hair from your face or body
trim
to remove small parts of something to make it look neat
mow
to cut grass
prune
to cut off the top part of plants, in order to make them grow better
cut

See also
cut
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