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Topic: GEOGRAPHY

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abyss alluvial alluvium alpine American Antarctica anticyclone archipelago Arctic arid Asia atlas atoll Australasia Australasian Australia avalanche axis bank barometer barrier reef basin bay bayou beach bearing bed bight bluff border(n) border(v) borderland borderline borough box canyon British butte canyon cape capital cardinal point Caribbean cartography cay chain chaparral chart chasm chimney Chinese cirrus CIS cliff climate climatic coastal coastline cockney col cold front commuter belt compass confluence continent continental continental shelf contour conurbation coordinate corridor corrie coterminous council estate country county county town course cove crag craggy creek crevasse crevice cumulus cyclone dateline delta desert desert island development district divide down dune dust bowl east(n) east(a) east(a) eastbound easterly(a) easterly(n) eastern Easterner easternmost eastwards elevation eminence environs equatorial erode erosion escarpment estuary Europe extraterritorial eyot face farmland feeder fiord firth fjord flood plain fluvial frontier frontiersman gale force gap geo- geography geophysics geopolitics geyser glacial glaciation glacier globe goldfield gorge grassland Grecian green belt grid grotto groundwater gulch gulf gully head headland headwaters heartland hemisphere highland highlands high water mark hinterland homeland hurricane -i Iberian iceberg ice cap ice floe ice pack ice sheet inhabitant inland(a) inland(a) inlet inner city inshore insular intercontinental International Date Line island isle islet isobar Israeli(a) Israeli(n) isthmus Italian Italianate Italo- Japanese key knoll lagoon lake landlocked landmass landslide landslip lat. Latin Latin America Latin American latitude levee littoral long. longitude longitudinal lough lowlands low-lying low water mark magnetic north magnetic pole marsh marshland meander Mediterranean Mercator projection meridian mesa Middle America midtown monsoon moorland morass mountain mountainside mountaintop mouth mudslide mull narrows navigation NE neck nor'- north(n) north(a) north(a) northeast(n) northeast(a) northeasterly northeastern northeastwards northerly northern northerner northernmost northwards northwest(n) northwest(a) northwesterly northwestern northwestwards notch NW NZ oasis occidental ocean onshore openness Ordnance Survey map oriental outcrop overspill pack ice paddy palisade pan- panhandle parallel peak peninsula Persian physical geography plain plateau point polar pole political geography pollutant pop. populate population prairie precipice precipitation Prime Meridian principality projection promontory province provincial pueblo R rainfall rain forest rain gauge rainstorm range ravine reef reference region regional relief map reservoir resettle residential resource ridge rift valley rise river river basin river bed Roman rotation rugged run-off rural sand sand bar sandstorm sandy savanna Scandinavian scar scarp scree scrubland SE seaboard sea breeze seafront sea level seaport seaward section semitropical shelf slough smog snowfield source south(n) south(a) south(a) southeast(n) southeast(a) southeasterly southeastern southeastwards southerly southern southernmost southwards southwest(n) southwest(a) southwesterly southwestern southwestwards speleology spit spur strait subcontinent subtropical suburb suburban summit survey(n) survey(v) SW swamp tableland terrain territory tidal tidal wave tidewater time zone top topography tor tornado town town centre towpath track tract trade route trail transatlantic transcontinental tributary tropic tropical tundra typhoon uncharted up up-country uplands upper upriver upstate upstream uptown urban urbanized urban renewal urban sprawl valley W warm front waste wasteland water watercourse waterfall waterfront waterhole watering place water meadow watershed water table waterway weather vane west(n) west(a) West western Westerner westernmost westward wilderness wolds zoning

Date: 1400-1500
Language: Latin
Origin: geographia, from Greek, 'describing the Earth', from ge ( GEO-) + graphein 'to write'

geography

noun
     
ge‧og‧ra‧phy [uncountable]
1 the study of the countries, oceans, rivers, mountains, cities etc of the world:
a geography lesson
physical geography, political geography
2 the geography of a building, city etc is the way all its parts are arranged
geography of
The geography of the flats made it hard to get to know our neighbours.
 
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