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abbr. abbreviate abbreviation abstract noun accusative active adj. adjective adv. adverb adverbial affix antecedent apposition article aspect attributive aux. auxiliary auxiliary verb case causal clause collective noun common noun comparative comparison complement complex compound concord conditional(a) conditional(n) conj. conjugate conjugation conjunction connective construction continuous contraction coordinate coordinating conjunction copula countable count noun dative declension definite article demonstrative demonstrative pronoun dependent clause determiner direct discourse direct object direct speech disjunctive ditransitive double negative -ed ending -est -eth feminine finite form function word future gender genitive gerund gradable grammar grammarian grammatical historic present homonym homophone imperative(a) imperative(n) impersonal indefinite article independent clause indicative(n) indicative(a) indirect discourse indirect object indirect speech infinitive inflect inflected inflection -ing intensifier interjection interrogative(a) interrogative(n) intransitive linking verb main clause masculine modal modal auxiliary modal verb modifier modify mood n. neuter nominal nominative non-finite non-restrictive noun number object parse participial participle particle partitive part of speech passive passivize past past participle past perfect perfect participle periphrasis personal pronoun phrasal verb phrase pl. plural(n) plural(a) plurality possessive(a) possessive(n) predeterminer predicate predicative prefix(n) prefix(v) prep. preposition prepositional phrase pres. present participle progressive pronominal pronoun proper noun punctuate punctuation qualifier quantifier question tag reflexive regular relative clause relative pronoun reported speech restrictive clause root rule run-on sentence second person semicolon sentence sentence adverb singular solecism split infinitive stative stem subject subjective subjunctive subordinate clause substantive suffix superlative syntactic syntax tag tense transitive uncountable v. variant verb verbal vocative
|Origin:||gramaire, from Latin grammatica, from Greek grammatikos 'of letters', from gramma; GRAM|
gram‧mar S3 W3
the rules by which words change their forms and are combined into sentences, or the study or use of these rules:
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the rules of English grammar
a particular description of grammar or a book that describes grammar rules:
A dictionary lists the words, a grammar states the rules.