|Origin:||passivus, from pati; PASSION|
someone who is passive tends to accept things that happen to them or things that people say to them, without taking any action [↪ impassive]:
Kathy seems to take a very passive role in the relationship.
their passive acceptance of their fate
a passive verb or sentence has as its subject the person or thing to which an action is done, as in 'His father was killed in a car accident.' ➔ active1 (6)
He listened passively as his sentence was read out.
—passivity noun [uncountable]