|Origin:||examiner, from Latin examinare, from examen 'weighing out'|
ex‧am‧ine S3 W2 [transitive]
to look at something carefully and thoroughly because you want to find out more about it:
A team of divers was sent down to examine the wreck.
Hegel's philosophy will be examined in detail in Chapter 4.
examine how/whether/what etc
In the course, we will examine how and why Spain became a democracy in 1931.
examine something for something➔ see usage note control2
The police will have to examine the weapon for fingerprints.
if a doctor examines you, they look at your body to check that you are healthy
to ask someone questions to test their knowledge of a subject [= test]
examine somebody in/on something
You will be examined on American history.
to officially ask someone questions in a court of law ➔ cross-examine