to remove something from a surface using the edge of a knife, a stick etc:
Scrape the carrots and slice them thinly.
scrape something away/off
The earth was scraped away to uncover a trap door.
scrape something off/into etc something
Teresa scraped the mud off her boots.
The two of them scraped their dishes clean.
2 [intransitive,transitive always + adverb/preposition]MI
to rub against a rough surface in a way that causes slight damage or injury, or to make something do this [↪ graze]:
The coat was too long; the hem scraped the pavement.
scrape against/on etc
I heard the side of the car scrape against the wall.
scrape something against/on something
I scraped my knee painfully on the concrete.
3 [intransitive and transitive]
to make a noise by rubbing roughly against a surface:
Chairs scraped loudly as they stood up.
scrape (something) on/down/against something
He opened the gate quietly, trying not to let it scrape on the gravel.
4 especially British English
to win a race, election, or competition by a very small amount:
The Tories may scrape home, but it's unlikely.
to have to use something even though it is not very good, because there is nothing better available:
It was clear that the party was scraping the barrel for competent politicians.
scrape something ↔ backphrasal verb
Her blonde hair was scraped back into a ponytail.
scrape byphrasal verb
to have just enough money to live:
We can scrape by, thanks to what we grow ourselves.
to only just succeed in passing an examination or dealing with a difficult situation
scrape inphrasal verb
Labour scraped in by a small majority.
He just scraped into college.
scrape through (something)phrasal verb
I managed to scrape through the exam.
scrape something ↔ together/upphrasal verb
She scraped together the last of her savings.
They could hardly scrape up enough money for the train fare.