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Topic: LAW

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access acquit acquittal actionable adjourn administer admissible adversarial advocate affidavit age aggrieved agreement Appeal Court appear appellate court arraign assizes attachment attest attorney attorney general bailiff ban barrister beneficiary bequeath bequest bill bill of rights blue law bond book box brief bylaw case case law cause cause célèbre caution(n) caution(v) challenge(n) challenge(v) chancery charge(n) charge(v) chief justice circuit court cite citizen's arrest civil civil law claim claimant class action clause clean collusion committal common law community property commutation competence competent complainant completion conditional discharge conjugal consenting adult constitution constitutional constitutionality contempt contest contravene contravention contributory negligence convey conveyance conveyancing convict conviction copyright co-respondent cosignatory counsel county court courthouse court-martial(n) court-martial(v) Court of Appeal Court of Appeals court of inquiry court of law court order court reporter courtroom criminal criminalize criminal law cross-examine Crown Court curfew custodial D.A. death sentence death warrant decree decree absolute decree nisi decriminalize deed defend defendant de jure deposition deputy desertion diminished responsibility diplomatic immunity disbar disclaim disclaimer discretionary disinherit dismiss dispense disposition dispossess dissent dissolution district attorney district court divorce(n) divorce(v) divorced docket double jeopardy draftsman drink-driving drunk driving due process duress edict effective eminent domain empower enabling enact endowment enforced enjoin escrow estate evidence examination examine exculpate execute executor exhibit ex post facto law expropriate extradite extrajudicial finding force majeure foreman forewoman freeholder free pardon fugitive(n) fugitive(a) gag order general counsel general practice give grand jury green paper ground rent guarantee guarantor guillotine guilt gun control habeas corpus hear hearing heir heir apparent hereafter hereinafter hereof hereto heritable High Court Highway Code human right inadmissible inalienable incriminate indemnify indemnity indict indictable indictment industrial tribunal initiative injunction in loco parentis innocence innocent inoperative inquest insanity instruct intellectual property intent interdict invoke Jane Doe JP judge(n) judge(v) judicial juridical jurisdiction jurisprudence jurist juror jury jury box jury service justice Justice of the Peace justifiable homicide juvenile kangaroo court King's Counsel law law firm lawyer lease leasehold leaseholder legatee lessee lessor liable licensee lien limited liability litigant litigate litigation litigious living will loophole magisterial magistracy magistrate Magistrates' Court maintenance majority malfeasance malpractice marriage certificate marriage licence marriage lines material memorandum miscarriage of justice misdirect mistrial M'lord M'lud moiety monies moot court moratorium movable no-fault non-negotiable notary nuisance nullify nullity oath open-and-shut case open verdict ordinance outlaw out-of-court settlement oyez palimony panel paralegal pardon(v) pardon(n) party pass passage patent(n) patent(a) paternity paternity suit patrimony penal code penalty perjury petition(n) petition(v) petitioner plaintiff planning permission plea bargaining police positive discrimination power of attorney precedent prejudice preservation order presume prima facie primogeniture private law privileged probate(n) probate(v) probation probationer probation officer pro bono procedural proceeding prohibit prohibition prohibitive promulgate pronounce proposition proscribe prosecute prosecution prosecutor protective custody prove provision provisional licence public defender public prosecutor punishable QC quarter sessions quash Queen's Counsel real property recess(n) recess(v) recognition recorder reeve regulation remand(v) remand(n) repeal rescind respondent restoration restore retainer retrial retroactive retrospective retry reversion revocation revoke Rex right of appeal road tax rule ruling said sentence(n) sentence(v) sequester session shall sheriff sheriff court show trial sitting tenant small claims court solicitor solicitor general special licence speed limit stakeholder state attorney state court statute statute law statute of limitations statutory stay stipendiary magistrate sub judice submission suborn subpoena(n) subpoena(v) sue suit summing-up summons(n) summons(v) Supreme Court surety suspended sentence swear technicality tenure testament test case test certificate testify testimony thereinafter third party ticket(n) ticket(v) title title deed title holder tort treasure trove trespass(v) trespass(n) trial unlicensed uphold verdict vindicate visa voucher ward warrant whereas will(n) will(v) witness(n) witness(v) witness box writ

Language: Old English
Origin: lagu

law

noun
     
law S1 W1
1

system of rules

also the law [uncountable] the whole system of rules that people in a particular country or area must obeyCOLLOCATIONS COLLOCATIONS
break the law (=do something illegal) obey the law become law (=officially be made a law) enforce the law (=make people obey the law) by law (=according to the law) be against the law (=be illegal) within the law (=legal or legally) tax/copyright/divorce etc law (=all the laws about tax etc) criminal law civil law international law federal law American English (=the law of the US, not of a particular state)
Should people do what they think is right even when it means breaking the law?
Elected officials ought to obey the law.
The Suicide Act became law in 1961.
By law, seatbelts must be worn by all passengers.
In Sweden it is against the law to hit a child.
They were fully convinced they were performing their duties within the law.
an interesting area of criminal law
the principles of international law
Federal law protects workers who are disabled.
2

a rule

[countable] a rule that people in a particular country or area must obey
under a law
Five people arrested under anti-terrorism laws were released without charge.
law on
European laws on equal opportunities
law against
The laws against drug use were very severe.
laws passed by Parliament
3

law and order

SC a situation in which people respect the law, and crime is controlled by the police, the prison system etc:
We are concerned about the breakdown of law and order in the country.
4

police

the law

SCP the police:
I think she may be in trouble with the law.
5

what always happens

[countable] something that always happens in nature or society, or a statement that describes this
law of
the law of supply and demand
the laws of nature
the law of gravity
6

study/profession

also the law [uncountable] law as a subject of study, or the profession of being a lawyer:
She's studying law in London.
7

sport/activity

[countable] one of the rules which controls a sport or activity:
the laws of football
8

the law of the jungle

a) the idea that people should only look after themselves and not care about other people if they want to succeed
b) the principle that only the strongest creatures will stay alive
9

the law of averages

HMS the probability that one result will happen as often as another if you try something often enough:
The law of averages says we'll win at least once.
10

be a law unto himself/herself etc

to behave in an independent way and not worry about the usual rules of behaviour or what other people do or think:
Boys his age are a law unto themselves.
11

take the law into your own hands

to do something illegal in order to put right something that you think is not fair, for example by violently punishing someone instead of telling the police:
vigilantes who take the law into their own hands
12

go to law

to go to court in order to settle a problem:
the right of consumers to go to law if they need to
13

be above the law

someone who is above the law does not have to obey the law:
Many ministers seem to regard themselves as above the law.
14

there's no law against something

spoken used to tell someone who is criticizing you that you are not doing anything wrong
15

there ought to be a law against something

spoken used to say that you do not think something should be accepted or allowed:
There ought to be a law against cutting off power supplies in the middle of February.
16

somebody's word is law

used to say that someone is always obeyed without argument
 
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