English version

case in Law topic

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishldoce_042_fcasecase1 /keɪs/ ●●● S1 W1 noun  1 example [countable]EXAMPLE an example of a particular situation or of something happeningcase of There were 16 cases of damage to cars in the area.in the case of something The amount of fruit in fruit juices must be 6% in the case of berries and 10% in the case of other fruits.in some/many/most etc cases In many cases standards have improved. Tom’s career is a case in point (=a clear example of something that you are discussing or explaining). a classic case (=typical example) of poor designsee thesaurus at example2 situation [countable usually singular]SITUATION a situation that exists, especially as it affects a particular person or groupin somebody’s case Like the others, he produced a written explanation, but in Scott’s case this was a 30-page printed booklet. Changing men’s and women’s traditional roles is not easy, but in our case it has been helpful.it is the case (that) It may be the case that the scheme will need more money. We tend to think of these people as untrustworthy, but that is not the case.in this case In this case, several solutions could be tried.in which case He won’t want to eat it unless he’s really hungry, in which case he’ll eat almost anything.3 (just) in case4 in any case5 in that case6 reason/argument [countable usually singular]PROVE a set of reasons why something should happen or be done Let me research the facts before I put forward a case.case for A group of us met to make our case for more women in the cabinet. There is a strong case (=very good set of reasons) for getting parents more involved in the school’s activities.7 law/crime [countable] a) SCLa question or problem that will be dealt with by a law court She is keen to avoid a court case. The lawyers will only be paid if they win the case.case against Marshall has dropped the case against us. b) SCLall the reasons that one side in a legal argument can give against the other side The evidence does not support the prosecution’s case. The court ruled that we had a case (=had enough evidence or good arguments). c) IN CHARGE OFan event or set of events that need to be dealt with by the police in order to find out if a crime has been committed and who committed itcase of a case of armed robberyon the case Around 50 police officers are on the case.8 box/container [countable] a) Da large box or container in which things can be stored or moved a packing case a case of wine b) Da special box used as a container for holding or protecting something a jewellery case Jim put his violin back in its case. c) British EnglishDLT a suitcase Polly carried her cases upstairs to the bedroom. bookcase, briefcase, pillowcase9 it’s a case of something10 disease [countable] an example of a disease or a person who has a diseasecase of There are thousands of new cases of AIDS in Africa every year.11 in case of something12 grammar [countable, uncountable]SLG technical the way in which the form of a word changes, showing its relationship to other words in a sentence case endings13 be on somebody’s case14 be on the case15 get off my case16 person [countable] someone who is being dealt with by a doctor, a social worker, the police etc basket case, lower case, nutcase, → I rest my case at rest2(9), → upper caseCOLLOCATIONSMeaning 7a: ADJECTIVES/NOUN + casea court caseThere was a lot of publicity surrounding the court case.a murder caseHe had been a witness in a murder case.a libel case (=against someone who has written a bad statement about someone else)damages awarded by juries in libel casesa criminal caseIt was the longest and most expensive criminal case in US history.a civil case (=not a criminal case)He is involved with civil cases, not criminal ones.a test case (=one that will establish a principle for the first time)If the dispute goes to court it could be an important test case.a landmark case (=one that established a principle for the first time)a landmark case about copyright protection for computer softwarea high-profile case (=one that gets a lot of attention)a defense lawyer who has handled some high-profile casesverbsbring a case (against somebody)There was not enough evidence to bring a case against him.hear/try a case (=listen to the evidence before making a judgment)The case will be heard by a federal judge.win/lose a case (=be successful or unsuccessful in proving someone guilty or not guilty)Lomax was a brilliant lawyer who had never lost a case.settle a case (=end it finally)He paid a $15,000 fine to settle the case.adjourn a case (=stop it for a short time)The case was adjourned until next month for further reports.dismiss/throw out a case (=officially stop it from continuing)The case was thrown out by New York state’s highest court.drop a case (=not continue with it)The case was dropped because of a lack of evidence.a case comes/goes to courtWhen the case finally came to court, they were found not guilty.a case comes/goes to trialBy the time her case went to trial, her story had changed.a case comes before a judge/courtThe case came before the federal courts.
Examples from the Corpus
case72-hour airport visas can be extended, but decisions are made on a case-by-case basis.In any case, Mr Collor has only one week before the election on December 17, to put this message across.Recent government spending on schools is a classic case of too little, too late.a court caseConvictions in criminal cases are pronounced by the courts, yet to a large extent they are the product of police action.Smaller pillows with decorative cases range from about $ 30 to $ 60.Government sources said they would not remove the right to early retirement from genuine cases.The exhibits were all in glass cases.The law limits work in underground mines to eight hours per day, except in cases of emergency.In cases like this, the company has to be sold off to someone who can cope with the debt.Mathers called it the worst multiple murder case in the city's history.Seat belts are supposed to prevent serious injury, but they didn't work in my case.In my case, when I started teaching I enjoyed it right away.She did not have remotely enough at the moment to make any kind of case.In one case a man was charged $2000 for a simple medical check-up.There were several food poisoning cases following the church picnic.In Britain's case this requires a specific Act of Parliament.There have been some cases of women employees being fired because they are pregnant.In some cases, lots are made up of hundreds or even thousands of copies of the same item.In some cases, mail carriers could not get to mailboxes surrounded by plowed snow.In some cases, prices had gone up by 38 cents a gallon."It's supposed to rain tomorrow." "Well, in that case, we won't go."Doctors have often achieved amazing results, as in the case of 11-year-old Jason.They lost their case in the High Court and had to pay damages.In this case it was not contended that the appellant had not acted dishonestly.case ofa case of wineMiller's actions were a clear case of sexual harassment.Tara was treated for a slight case of frostbite.Detroit police are investigating the case of a man found strangled on Tuesday.it is the case (that)It is the case that, in all organisations, instructions need to be communicated.It is the case, of course, that terms of engagement for individual assignments will be agreed separately.Again, it is the case. that in certain occupations older people are paid more than younger ones.Now I believe it is the case that some Christians do project their own failings on to the Devil.Part of it is the news focus, and part of it is the cases themselves.That said, for many people it is the case that they are expected to take more responsibility for their work.For to say something, to assert it, is to say that it is the case, that it is true.put forward ... caseBear with me, let me assemble the facts before I put forward a case.had ... caseEverybody had a case of beer under his bunk.This deprived litigants of access to the United States' courts, although some had cases already pending before the federal courts.I would be wrong to discuss employment with firms that had cases before the commission.In the Lords, they were represented by Equitable even though they had a case against the assurer.We carried only suitcases and clothes and we had a case with our jewellery and the registry deeds to our lands inside.