causecause2 ●●● S2 W1 noun 1 WHAT CAUSES something[countable]CAUSE a person, event, or thing that makes something happen → effectcause of Breast cancer is the leading cause of death for American women in their 40s. It’s our job to establish the cause of the fire.2 GOOD REASON[uncountable]REASON a fact that makes it right or reasonable for you to feel or behave in a particular way syn reasoncause for There is no cause for alarm. The patient’s condition is giving cause for concern. The present political climate gives little cause for optimism.have (good) cause to do something His father has good cause to be proud of him.with/without good cause Many people are worried about the economy, and with good cause.3 something YOU SUPPORT[countable] an aim, belief, or organization that a group of people support or fight for My father fought for the Nationalist cause.cause of her lifelong devotion to the cause of women’s rights He has championed the cause of independence (=he has supported it publicly). You can get fit, and at the same time raise money for a worthy cause. Please give generously – it’s all in a good cause (=done in order to help people).4 → have/make common cause (with/against somebody)5 LAW[countable] lawSCL a case that is brought to a court of law → lost cause at lost2(12)GRAMMAR: Comparisoncause• You say the cause of something: What was the cause of the problem? ✗Don’t say: the cause for the problem• You say there is cause for concern/alarm/complaint etc: The doctor said there was cause for concern. ✗Don’t say: There was a cause for concern.reason• You say the reason for something: What do you think was the reason for their success? ✗Don’t say: the reason of their success• You talk about the reason why something happens: Can you tell me the reason why you did this?COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 1: a person, event, or thing that makes something happenadjectivesa common cause of somethingAlcohol is the most common cause of road accidents.the main/primary cause of somethingSmoking is the main cause of lung disease.a major/leading cause of somethingIn this country, debt is a major cause of homelessness.Drug abuse is the leading cause of crime and violence.a direct/indirect causeGovernment policies are the direct cause of the problems facing the economy.the root cause (=the most basic cause)People often deal with the symptoms rather than the root cause of a problem.the fundamental/underlying cause (=the root cause)The underlying cause of insomnia is often anxiety.the probable/likely causeThe probable cause of the fire was faulty wiring.verbsdiscover/find the causeAn investigation has failed to discover the cause of the epidemic.determine/establish/identify the cause (=discover definitely what it is)A team of experts is at the scene of the accident, trying to determine the cause.investigate the causePolice are still investigating the cause of the fire.phrasesthe cause of deathA snake bite was the cause of death.die of/from natural causes (=die of illness, old age etc, not because of an accident or crime)He died from natural causes, believed to be a heart attack.cause and effect (=the idea that one thing directly causes another)What happened was simply a question of cause and effect.COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 3: an aim, belief, or organization that a group of people support or fight foradjectivesa good cause (=one that is worth supporting, for example a charity)The money we are raising is for a good cause.a worthy/deserving cause (=a good cause)The Red Cross is a very worthy cause.a just cause (=an aim that is fair and right)The rebels believed that they were fighting for a just cause.a noble cause (=an aim that is morally good)He died for a noble cause.the Nationalist/Republican etc cause (=their aims and organization)The election results were a serious blow to the Nationalist cause.verbssupport a causeGiving money is only one way of supporting a good cause.fight for a cause (=take action to achieve an aim)Young people often want to fight for a cause.champion a cause (=publicly support an aim)He has championed the cause of renewable energy since the 1980s.advance/further/promote a cause (=help to achieve an aim)He did much to advance the cause of freedom.be committed to a cause (=believe in an aim very strongly)We are committed to the cause of racial justice.be sympathetic to a cause (=understand an aim, and possibly support it)They hope the new president will be sympathetic to their cause.
Examples from the Corpuscause• These rebels felt they had a cause.• I've never had any cause to complain about my doctor.• Also, effects require or alternatively require other conditions as well as causes.• The immediate cause of last week's blackouts was a large power plant suddenly going offline in Northern California.• The persistence of black troubles, and the loss of faith in the old integrationist cause, has discredited traditional black leaders.• He no longer loved her, and with just cause, because she had betrayed him.• We have little sympathy for people who leave their jobs without just cause.• There is no cause for alarm about the safety of drinking water.• Several other causes, according to their findings, often lie at the root of violence against tenants.• Our cause is just, and we are prepared to give our lives for it.• The root cause of the current energy crisis is that we simply use too much energy.• But the very people who are the cause of the problem have to be part of the solution.• Investigators are still trying to determine the cause of the accident.• Doctors cannot find a cure for the illness until they have identified the cause.• Thousands died in the cause of freedom.• This time, material progress did not serve the cause of the Church.• The cause of Socialism is not dead.• Lastly, they want to give tax advantages to causes deemed worthy, or at least popular.• Money from the charity dinner will go to causes chosen by the guests.• The child's behaviour is giving us cause for concern.cause of• Airline officials refused to comment on the cause of the crash.• Eleanor Roosevelt is remembered for her devotion to the cause of women's rights.cause for• FAA officials see no cause for alarm in safety procedures.in a good cause• But Will took it lying down - all in a good cause of course.• Hell, forgive and forget because it's all in a good cause.• It's all in a good cause. 6.• There speaks the nineteenth century: all gone, but in a good cause.• There is no excuse for inflicting them on your fellow-citizens by saying it is done in a good cause.• It was in a good cause.