Topic: LAW

Date: 1100-1200
Language: Old French
Origin: juge, from Latin judex


1 noun
judge1 W2 [countable]
1SCLBO the official in control of a court who decides how criminals should be punished:
The trial judge specifies the number of years to be spent in prison.
federal judge/high court judge etc (=a judge in a particular court)
2 someone who decides on the result of a competition:
The panel of judges included several well-known writers.

a good/bad judge of something

someone whose opinion on something is usually right or wrong:
Sandra's a very good judge of character.

be the judge (of something)

to be the person whose opinion on something matters or is accepted:
No-one else can say what its value to you is - only you can be the judge of that.

let me be the judge of that

spoken used to tell someone angrily that you do not need their advice

as sober as a judge

someone who is as sober as a judge is not drunk at all
people in a court of law: judge, magistrate, jury, defence British English/defense American English, prosecution, defendant, witness, attorney, lawyer, barrister British English, solicitor British English, district attorney American English

what happens in a court case:At the beginning of the trial, the person who is accused pleads guilty or not guilty to the charges against them. The lawyers for the prosecution try to prove that the defendant is guilty, and the lawyers for the defence try to prove that their client is innocent. The judge and the jury examine the evidence and listen to the testimony of the witnesses. At the end of the trial, the judge then sums up the case, and the jury then gives their verdict. If the person is found guilty, the judge sentences them to a period of time in prison, or orders them to pay a fine. If the person is found not guilty, they are released.

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