English version

precedent in Law topic

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishprecedentpre‧ce‧dent /ˈpresɪdənt/ ●○○ AWL noun 🔊 🔊 1 [countable]SCL an action or official decision that can be used to give support to later actions or decisions 🔊 a legal precedentset/create a precedent 🔊 UN involvement in the country’s affairs would set a dangerous precedent.precedent for 🔊 precedents for what courts will accept as ‘fair’2 [countable, uncountable]BEFORE something of the same type that has happened or existed beforeprecedent for 🔊 There’s not much precedent for men taking leave when their baby is born.without precedent 🔊 An epidemic on this scale is without precedent.3 [uncountable]TRADITION the way that things have always been donebreak with precedent (=do something in a new way)COLLOCATIONSMeanings 1 & 2verbsset/establish a precedentThe decision is important as it could set a legal precedent for other similar cases.create a precedentIf we allow this once, it will create a precedent.follow a precedentNow he is following a precedent set by military leaders around the world.use something as a precedentLatin America was afraid that the invasion of Panama would be used as a precedent.adjectivesa bad precedentSuch a harsh punishment would set a bad precedent.a dangerous precedent (=one that could cause problems in the future)They opposed the plan, saying it would create a dangerous precedent.an important precedentBy doing this, an important precedent was established.a legal precedent (=one that is important in law and so must be followed in legal cases)There are several legal precedents for this.
Examples from the Corpus
precedentThere are precedents on both sides of the argument.Therefore, this could hardly be regarded as a binding precedent.There were, of course, literary precedents for this.We accept our responsibility not to retreat from interpreting the full meaning of the covenant in light of all of our precedents.The unusual video arrangement will not set a presidential precedent.The public will not be outraged if it is told that precedents will be confined to their facts.precedent forThere is no precedent for an empire as vast as that of Russia.without precedentThe protest was without precedent in a land where strikes are taboo.break with precedentSo, Major may be going for broke by breaking with precedent.