Topic: LAW

Date: 1300-1400
Language: French
Origin: présumer, from Latin praesumere, from sumere 'to take'


pre‧sume S3
1 [transitive] to think that something is true, although you are not certain [= assume]:
Each of you will make a speech, I presume?
'Are his parents still alive?' 'I presume so.'
presume that
I presume we'll be there by six o'clock.
presume somebody/something to be somebody/something
From the way he talked, I presumed him to be your boss.
be presumed to do something
The temple is presumed to date from the first century BC.
2 [transitive]SCL to accept something as true until it is shown to not be true, especially in law [= assume]:
We must presume innocence until we have evidence of guilt.
be presumed dead/innocent etc
Their nephew was missing, presumed dead.
3 [intransitive] formal to behave without respect or politeness by doing something that you have no right to do
presume to do something
I would never presume to tell you what to do.
4 [transitive usually in present tense] formal to accept something as being true and base something else on it [= presuppose]:
The Ancient History course presumes some knowledge of Greek.
presume that
I presume that someone will be there to meet us when we arrive.

presume on/upon somebody's friendship/generosity etc

to unfairly ask someone for more than you should, because they are your friend, are generous etc:
It would be presuming on his generosity to ask him for money.

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