tri‧al1 S3 W2
a legal process in which a judge and often a jury in a court of law examine information to decide whether someone is guilty of a crime [↪ try]: ➔ show trial
court[uncountable and countable]SCL
a murder trial
on trial (for something) (=being judged in a court of law for)
Brady was on trial for assault.
The men are due to stand trial (=be judged in a court of law) on a drugs charge.
The defendant has a right to a fair trial.
go/come to trial (=begin being judged in a court of law)
By the time the case comes to trial, he will have spent a year in prison.
bring somebody to trial
Thirty police officers were brought to trial.
Murphy sat in a prison cell awaiting trial (=waiting for his trial to begin).
a process of testing to find out whether something works effectively and is safe:
test[uncountable and countable]
a new drug that is undergoing clinical trials
a short period during which you use or do something or employ someone to find out whether they are satisfactory for a particular purpose or job [↪ try]
try somebody/something[uncountable and countable]
They let me have the computer on trial for thirty days.
The security system will be reviewed after a three-month trial period.
Smith was hired on a six-month trial basis.
trial separation (=a period of time in which a husband and wife do not live together, to find out whether they want to stay married)
if you do something by trial and error, you test many different methods of doing something in order to find the best:
I learned most of what I know about gardening through trial and error.
something that is difficult to deal with, and that is worrying or annoying [↪ trying]:
difficulty[countable usually plural]
the daily trials of living in a poor country
be a trial (to/for somebody)
My brothers and I were always a real trial to my parents.
the trials and tribulations of running a business