Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Topic: METEOROLOGY

Language: Old English
Origin: weder

weather

1 noun
     
weath‧er1 S1 W2
1 [singular, uncountable]HEM the temperature and other conditions such as sun, rain, and windCOLLOCATIONS COLLOCATIONS
what's the weather like? good/bad weather the weather forecast (=a description of what the weather is expected to be like in the near future) weather map weather conditions weather patterns (=what the weather is usually like in a particular area ) weather permitting (=if the weather is good enough) weather centre British English /weather bureau American English (=a place where information about the weather is collected and where reports are produced) weather station (=a place or building used for studying and recording weather conditions)
a period of unusually hot weather
The weather turned bitterly cold.
The weather forecast said it would be fine all day.
The weather map shows a ridge of high pressure coming in from the Atlantic.
The climbers reached the top, in spite of bad weather conditions.
changes in weather patterns caused by global warming
I'm playing golf this afternoon - weather permitting.
2

the weather

informalHEM a description on radio or television, in newspapers etc of what the weather will be like in the near future [= the weather forecast]:
I always watch the weather after the news.
3

in all weathers

in all types of weather, even when it is very hot or cold:
There are homeless people sleeping on the streets in all weathers.
4

under the weather

informalMI slightly ill:
You look a bit under the weather.
5

keep a weather eye on something

to watch a situation carefully so that you notice anything unusual or unpleasant:
Keep a weather eye on your finances.

➔ make heavy weather of something

at heavy1 (10)
WORD FOCUS: weather WORD FOCUS: weather
good weather: sunny/fine used to describe weather or a day when there is a lot of sunshine
nice
/lovely/glorious very sunny and good
bright
if the weather is bright, the sun shines strongly
there isn't a cloud in the sky
the sky is completely clear
dry
if the weather is dry, it does not rain
fair
sunny and not windy or rainy - used especially in weather forecasts

rain: wet/rainy/damp used to describe weather or a day when there is a lot of rain
unsettled
if the weather is unsettled, it keeps changing and it often rains
drizzle
light rain which consists of very small drops of water
shower
a short period of rain
downpour
a short period when it suddenly rains very heavily

it's pouring down British English/it's pouring rain American English it is raining very hard
it's drizzling
it is raining a little, with very small drops of rain

snow: snowy used to describe weather or a day when there is a lot of snow
sleet
a mixture of snow and rain
slush
a mixture of partly melted snow and ice
hail
/hailstones frozen drops of rain, that fall as drops of ice
blizzard
a storm with a lot of snow and strong wind
frost
white powder that covers the ground when it is cold

wind: windy used to describe a day or weather when there is a lot of wind
blustery
very windy

breeze a gentle pleasant wind
hurricane
(in the Atlantic Ocean) /typhoon (in the Pacific Ocean) a violent storm with extremely strong winds

cloudy: cloudy used to describe weather or a day when there are a lot of clouds in the sky
grey
/dull cloudy and not bright
overcast
if the sky is overcast, it is very cloudy and dark, and it is likely to rain
hazy
not clear, especially because there is a slight mist caused by heat or smoke fog, mist

hot: boiling/scorching/sizzling/blazing/burning/baking/broiling (hot) extremely hot
sweltering
very hot and humid
warm
a little hot, in a way that is pleasant
balmy
pleasantly warm, with a gentle wind blowing
heatwave
a period of unusually hot weather

cold: freezing (cold) extremely cold
arctic
extremely cold, usually with a lot of ice and snow
wintry
cold and snowy or rainy, like the weather in winter
crisp
if the air is crisp, it feels cold but pleasantly fresh and clear
chilly
a little too cold, in a way that makes you feel uncomfortable
cool
a little cold, in a way that is pleasant
cold snap
/cold spell a period of unusually cold weather
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