From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishretreatre‧treat1 /rɪˈtriːt/ ●○○ verb [intransitive] 1 armyPM to move away from the enemy after being defeated in battle opp advance The rebels retreated to the mountains. They were attacked and forced to retreat.2 move back written a) BACK/BACKWARDSto move away from someone or something He saw her and retreated, too shy to speak to her.retreat to/from/into etc Perry lit the fuse and retreated to a safe distance. It was not a conscious choice to retreat from public life. b) LESSif an area of water, snow, or land retreats, it gradually gets smaller The flood waters are slowly retreating.3 change your mindCHANGE YOUR MIND written to decide not to do something you were planning to do, because it was unpopular or too difficultretreat from The Canadian government has retreated from a plan to kill 300 wolves.4 quiet placeLEAVE A PLACE to go away to a place that is quiet or saferetreat from/into/to After the noise of the city he was glad to retreat to his hotel room.5 → retreat into yourself/your shell/fantasy etc6 finance technical if shares etc retreat, their value falls to a lower level→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpusretreat• The dignity of the law has met the volatility of Nature and has been forced to retreat.• In 1443, the Hungarian army advanced into Serbia, and the Turks were forced to retreat.• Lieutenant Peterson shouted the order to retreat.• Gold prices retreated after reaching a record price yesterday.• Pretty and earthy, she can be aggressive or retreat believably, and has some nice scenes with her extended family.• Jim saw me approaching and quickly retreated down a side street.• Seven years earlier, she had retreated from marriage to protect her career; now she would marry to defend her independence.• Even then these stubborn blue lines retreated in fairly good order.• It's for throwing at them as you retreat into the living room.• As his father approached, Richard retreated steadily, never once daring to stand his ground against him.• On trembling legs, she retreated towards the door.• "You haven't heard the last of this!'' shouted Spencer, retreating up the stairs.• After the battle, Santa Anna retreated with his forces.retreat to/from/into etc• The Nasdaq Composite Index advanced as much as 7. 28 then retreated to 1001. 39, ahead 3. 09.• She had already started to retreat into eating when she felt upset.• Destiny tapped Colin Powell on the shoulder and he sold a million books before retreating to his Virginia mansion.• We accept our responsibility not to retreat from interpreting the full meaning of the covenant in light of all of our precedents.• I retreated into my shell, being painfully shy in the first place.• Why such a startling retreat from the nearly unanimous support for the free processing zone 18 months ago?• Pop art directly challenged what was increasingly seen as abstract art's esoteric retreat from the world.• A comic gives children the opportunity to retreat into their own world; it is a very private thing.retreat from• The administration is retreating from its goal of buying 75 Stealth bombers.retreat from/into/to• This caused his further retreat to a cave on Mount Kolzim.• Friends of the Earth accused the government of retreating from a firmly-stated commitment to identify contaminated land.• The watchman retreated to get on with his cooking and perhaps ponder his next step.• She wanted only to be free of this, for the lake to clear, so she could retreat to her task.• Ralph retreated upstairs to his room.• He retreated from it into callousness.• Bill and his men would retreat to the rhododendron bushes and radio to the sniper teams on the roof.