Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Topic: MOTOR VEHICLES


lock

1 verb
     
lock1 S2 W3
1

fasten something

[intransitive and transitive] to fasten something, usually with a key, so that other people cannot open it. or to be fastened like this:
Did you lock the car?
I can't get this drawer to lock.
see usage note close1
2

keep in a safe place

[transitive always + adverb/preposition] to put something in a place and fasten the door, lid etc with a key
lock something in something
Lock the cat in the kitchen.
3

fixed position

[intransitive and transitive]TTC to become fixed in one position and impossible to move, or to make something become fixed:
The wheels suddenly locked.
lock something around/round something
He locked his hands around the younger man's throat.
A moment later they were locked in an embrace (=holding each other very tightly in a loving or friendly way).
Their eyes locked together (=they could not look away from each other) for an instant.
4

fixed situation

[transitive usually passive] if you are locked in a situation, you cannot get out of it
be locked in/into something
The two groups are locked in a vicious cycle of killing.
The company is locked into a five year contract.
5

be locked in battle/combat/dispute etc

to be involved in a long, serious argument or fight with someone:
They are now locked in a bitter custody battle over the three children.
6

lock arms

if people lock arms, they join their arms tightly with the arms of the people on either side:
The police locked arms to form a barrier against the protesters.
7

lock horns (with somebody)

to argue or fight with someone:
The band have now locked horns with their record company over the album.
lockable adjective

lock somebody/something ↔ away

phrasal verb
1 to put something in a safe place and lock the door, lid etc [= lock up]:
He locked his money away in the safe.
2 to put someone in prison [= lock up]:
I hope they lock him away for years.
3

lock yourself away

to keep yourself separate from other people by staying in your room, office etc

lock in

phrasal verb
1

lock somebody in (something)

to prevent someone from leaving a room or building by locking the door:
She locked herself in.
They locked the director in his office.
2

lock something ↔ in

to do something so that a price, offer, agreement etc cannot be changed:
Sell your stocks now to lock in some of the gains of recent months.
3

lock something ↔ in

to make the taste, liquid etc remain in something:
This method of cooking locks in the flavour of the meat.

lock onto something

phrasal verb
PMW if a missile or satellite locks onto a target or signal, it finds it and follows it closely

lock somebody ↔ out

phrasal verb
1 to keep someone out of a place by locking the door
lock somebody ↔ out of
I locked myself out of the house!
2 if employers lock workers out, they do not let them enter their place of work until they accept the employers' conditions for settling a disagreement

lock up

phrasal verb
1 to make a building safe by locking the doors, especially at night:
I'll leave you to lock up.
lock something ↔ up
Don't forget to lock up the warehouse.
2

lock something ↔ up

to put something in a safe place and lock the door, lid etc [= lock away]
3

lock somebody ↔ up

to put someone in prison [= lock away]:
Rapists should be locked up.
4

be locked up (in something)

if your money is locked up, you have put it into a business, investment etc and cannot easily move it or use it
WORD CHOICE: WORD CHOICE:

close, shut, lock, turn/switch off
In many contexts, the verbs close and shut can be used in exactly the same way Please close OR shut the gate. The windows were all closed OR shut. She closed OR shut her eyes. The store closes OR shuts at 7.!! Use close for a road, border, or airport All the crossing points on the border have been closed (NOT shut).!! Before a noun, use closed a closed door (NOT shut door)!! You cannot say 'close someone somewhere'. Use shut or lock to say that someone is put in a room or building and cannot get out They shut her (NOT closed her) in her bedroom. He was locked (NOT closed) in a cell.Use switch off or turn off with electrical things Will you turn off (NOT close) the TV? I switched off (NOT closed) all the lights.See also close
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