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Topic: NATURE

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backwater bank(n) bank(v) bare barrier reef bay bayou beach beck belt billow biting bitter black ice blast blazing bleach blizzard blow blowy bluff bluster blustery bog boiling boulder bracing breaker breeze breezy brook brush brushwood burn butte canyon cascade cataract cave cavern change chasm choppy clap clear clement cliff cloud cloudburst cloudy coast coastal coastline cone copse country cranny crater creation creep crisp crosswind cumulus cyclone dale dell dense dew dewdrop dewfall dewy disgorge dog days downpour downriver downstream downwind drift(v) drift(n) driftwood drizzle drop(v) drop(n) drought dry dry land dull dune duster dust storm east eddy electrical storm equable eye face fail fair fall fell fen field fierce fiord firth fjord flood(v) flood(n) flood tide flotsam flow(n) flow(v) flower flurry fog fogbound foggy foothill foothold ford foreshore forest foul freak freeze fresh freshen freshwater frost fury gale gale force gap gentle geyser glacial glen gnarled grassy green greenery ground ground level gulley gully gust(n) gust(v) gusty hail hailstone hailstorm haze headwind heath heather heat wave high tide high water hill hillock hillside hill station hilly hoarfrost hot spring hummock hurricane ice iceberg ice cap inclement incline Indian summer inland(a) inland(a) inlet inshore island isle islet jetsam jungle knoll lake lakeside ledge lightning lip loch lough low tide low water marshland meadow mere mild millpond mire mist misty moan(v) moan(n) monsoon moonless moor moorland Mother Nature mound mountain mountainous mountainside mountaintop mouth mudflat mull murmur(v) murmur(n) narrows nature nestle new moon nook north northeast northeaster northeasterly northerly northwest northwester northwesterly notch oasis onshore ooze outcrop overcast ozone pack ice palisade panorama parch parched pass patchy peak peal peasouper pebble pelt penumbra perishing pinewood pinnacle pitiless pond pour precipice prospect puddle quicksand radiate raging rain rainbow rain drop rainfall rainstorm rainwater rainy range rapids rarefied ravine raw recede reedy reef reservoir ridge rift rime rise(v) rise(n) rock rocky roll rolling rough rural scenery scud sea breeze sea mist set shore sky slope sludge snow snowbound snow-capped snowdrift snowfall snowflake snowstorm snowy south southeast southeaster southeasterly southerly southwest southwesterly spinney spring stream sullen sultry summer summit sun sundown sun-drenched sunrise sunset sunshine swamp sweep swollen tempestuous thaw(v) thaw(n) thicket thin thunder thunderbolt thunderstorm thundery tide treeless tree-lined trough turf tussock twilight vale valley verdant visibility void washout water watercourse waterfall waterside waterspout wax west(a) west(a) westbound westerly westernmost westward wet whirlpool whirlwind white horses whitewater wild will o' the wisp wind windstorm windswept windy wood wooded woodland woodsy woody zephyr

Date: 1200-1300
Language: French
Origin: Latin natura, from natus; NATION

nature

noun
     
na‧ture S1 W1
1

plants/animals etc

also Nature [uncountable]HBHE everything in the physical world that is not controlled by humans, such as wild plants and animals, earth and rocks, and the weather:
We grew up in the countryside, surrounded by the beauties of nature.
nature conservation
the laws/forces of nature
The inhabitants of the island fight a constant battle against the forces of nature.
in nature
All these materials are found in nature.
Disease is nature's way of keeping the population down.
2

somebody's character

[uncountable and countable] someone's character:
a child with a happy, easy-going nature
somebody's nature
It's just not in Jane's nature to lie.
by nature
She was by nature a very affectionate person.
I tried appealing to his better nature (=his feelings of kindness) but he wouldn't agree to help us.
Of course she's jealous - it's only human nature (=the feelings and ways of behaving that all people have).
3

qualities of something

[singular, uncountable] the qualities or features that something has
nature of
They asked a lot of questions about the nature of our democracy.
He examined the nature of the relationship between the two communities.
exact/precise/true nature
The exact nature of the problem is not well understood.
different/political/temporary etc in nature
Any government funding would be temporary in nature.
Capitalist society is by its very nature unstable.
4

type

[singular] a particular kind of thing
of a personal/political/difficult etc nature
The support being given is of a practical nature.
of this/that nature
I never trouble myself with questions of that nature.
5

in the nature of things

according to the natural way things happen:
In the nature of things, there is bound to be the occasional accident.
6

be in the nature of something

formal to be similar to a type of thing:
The enquiry will be more in the nature of a public meeting than a formal hearing.
7

let nature take its course

to allow events to happen without doing anything to change the results:
The best cure for a cold is to let nature take its course.
8

back to nature

a style of living in which people try to live simply and not use modern machines:
city workers who want to get back to nature in their holidays

➔ be/become second nature (to somebody)

at second1 (10)

➔ the call of nature

at call2 (12)
 
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