English version

range in Nature topic

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishrangerange1 /reɪndʒ/ ●●● S1 W1 AWL noun  1 variety of things/people [countable usually singular]VARIOUS/OF DIFFERENT KINDS a number of people or things that are all different, but are all of the same general typerange of a range of services The drug is effective against a range of bacteria.wide/broad/whole/full range of something students from a wide range of backgrounds advice on a whole range of subjectsnarrow/limited range of something A fairly narrow range of people are responsible for key decisions.2 limits [countable]VARIOUS/OF DIFFERENT KINDS the limits within which amounts, quantities, ages etc varyage/price/temperature etc range toys suitable for children in the pre-school age range a temperature range of 72–85º, in/within a ... range Your blood pressure’s well within the normal range.in the range (of) something to something a salary in the range of $25,000 to $30,000 Even the cheapest property was out of our price range (=too expensive for us).3 products [countable]VARIOUS/OF DIFFERENT KINDS a set of similar products made by a particular company or available in a particular shoprange of a new range of kitchenware A company from Darlington has just launched its latest range of fashion jewellery. The watches in this range are priced at £24.50. We have a very large product range. mid-range, top-of-the-range4 distance a) [countable, uncountable]PMW the distance over which a particular weapon can hit thingsrange of missiles with a range of 3000 kmwithin range (of something) We waited until the enemy was within range.out of/beyond range (of something) I ducked down to get out of range of the gunshots.at close/short/point-blank range (=from very close) Both men had been shot at point-blank range. long-range, short-range b) [countable, uncountable]DISTANCE the distance within which something can be seen or heardwithin range (of something) a handsome man who drew admiring glances from any female within range any spot within range of your radio signalout of/beyond range (of something) Joan hoped that the others were out of range of her mother’s voice. One way to see birds at close range is to attract them into your own garden. c) [countable]TTA the distance which a vehicle such as an aircraft can travel before it needs more fuel etcrange of The plane has a range of 3,600 miles.5 music [countable usually singular]APM all the musical notes that a particular singer or musical instrument can make His vocal range is amazing.6 mountains/hills [countable]DNSG a group of mountains or hills, usually in a line a land of high mountain ranges and deep valleysrange of mountains/hills the longest range of hills in the Lake District 7 place for shooting [countable]PMW an area of land where you can practise shooting or where weapons can be tested a rifle range the police shooting range8 ability [countable, uncountable] the number of different things that someone, especially an actor or actress, does well an actor of extraordinary range and intensity9 land [countable, uncountable] American EnglishTA a large area of land covered with grass, on which cattle are kept10 cooking [countable] a) American EnglishDFC a cooker b) British EnglishDFCSH a large piece of kitchen equipment in which you make a fire and use this heat to cook foodstove a coal-fired kitchen range free-rangeCOLLOCATIONSMeaning 1: a number of people or things that are all different, but are all of the same general typeadjectivesa wide/broad rangeThe Institute organises talks on a wide range of topics.a whole range (=a wide range)He also supports a whole range of other charities.a large/great/huge/vast rangeA vast range of plants are used in medicines.a diverse rangeDuring his career he has run a diverse range of businesses.a narrow/limited rangeThey only had a very limited range of products available. COLLOCATIONSMeaning 3: a set of similar products made by a particular company or available in a particular shopADJECTIVES/NOUN + range a full/complete rangeThe store stocks a full range of groceries.an extensive rangeThe winner will receive a brand-new kitchen from Magnet’s extensive range.a comprehensive rangeWe offer a comprehensive range of services for the business traveller.a new/latest rangeBody Blitz is a new range of toiletries specially designed for teenagers.a product rangeWe need to broaden our product range.a colour range British English, a color range American English:These curtains are available in a much wider colour range.
Examples from the Corpus
rangeA typical radio signal has a range of about 100 miles.The rockets have a range of 4000 km.It is a case history of a range of courses designed for teachers and involving the study of language and of languages.The age range of the study population will enormously influence the final estimated prevalence rate.If inputs are managed within some appropriate range, discrimination of inputs becomes feasible.a gas rangeThe voters are capable of taking a long range outlook when they consider initiatives on the ballot.Many ranges like the Cuillin or Ben Nevis are barely used for sport.the Hajar mountain rangeWilliams is blessed with a 2¼ -octave range.The enemy were just out of range of our cannon.The demonstrators were hurling rocks but the police stayed out of range.Sansui planned to broaden its product range to include video equipment.But his wedge shots continually left him in 2-putt range.a rifle rangeWhat's the gun's range?The temperatures in your kitchen and around your picnic table range from 65 to 95 degrees.Trevor Thompson says they are aiming to attract a vast range of customers - from charities to post offices.As soon as the tanks came within range, the soldiers opened fire.range ofThe Type-2 boat has a range of 4000 miles.Voice radio has a range of about 100 miles.Herbs provide a range of aromas and flavors for cooking.missiles with a range of 500 milesWe teach the full range of ballroom dances.Companies with under 20 employees were outside the range of our survey.age/price/temperature etc rangePrevalence of deafness in the 50-55 age range is given by.He caters for the full ability and age range.Ormesby has a membership of just over 30 in ages ranging up to 84.Lunch prices range from $ 4 to $ 15, dinners from $ 4 to $ 21.One caution though: Note the recommended age range carefully.The age range of the study population will enormously influence the final estimated prevalence rate.What price range did I require?With prices ranging from about $ 20 to $ 200, the units can be affordable and easy to obtain.product rangeWe're seen as cross-cultural with a product range with international ingredients.Involvement in a very wide range of chemistry, extending well outside the company's standard commercial product range.I think this is Holsten trying to broaden its product range and that is not necessarily an incentive to purchase.The communication system division, which makes products ranging from fax machines to cordless telephones, employs 8,500.The product range includes finger wipes, shoe shine, shampoo, bath gels, shower caps, and sewing kits.New Fabric Backgrounds Colorama Photodisplay have extended their range of backgrounds by adding three new fabric materials to their product range.within range (of something)And I didn't want to jump out into the fast-moving darkness without any boots and within range of fifty tommy-guns.We opened fire as soon as they came within range, directing most of it on the Galena.This picks up the transmitter's signal and makes it audible to our ears when the ferret is within range.We were not within range when they fired on us.I held my fire until the enemy was within range.He or she is well within range and unable to defend him or herself with one or both hands.At this point, we are still well within range of correspondence theories of language.Walking near doorways or the kerb puts you within range of a hidden attacker or a parked car.vocal rangeHis vocal range is amazing, and used to convey unforgettable melodies that sound a lot simpler than they are.But Agnes's vocal range could melt earwax at the top of the scale.mountain rangesLimbs a symphony in ancient mountain ranges.They followed rivers for convenience, then struck out in a straight line, bisecting mountain ranges, cutting watersheds in half.The glen is deeply enclosed by lofty mountain ranges, each side formed of a succession of peaks linked by ridges.Most mountain ranges are supported by a crust far thicker than the ranges are tall.To reach this desolate spot you set off at sun-up and head toward mountain ranges which scarcely ever get closer.These depths consist of vast mountain ranges, deep canyons, mighty steaming lava flows.And the estuary is beautiful, with mountain ranges rising on each side.rifle rangeThere is a rifle range and climbing tower.When Charlie heard the news of victory he was training some raw recruits on a rifle range in Edinburgh.The army use a large acreage in the northern sector of the Pentlands as a training area and rifle range.So, we pulled back and sat outside of rifle range and watched the gunships work over this small forest.They watched the Dynmouth Hards performing at the rifle range, their black-frilled girls loitering beside them, seeming bored.Day Five saw the teams on the rifle ranges at Bulford.The Dragoons advanced to within rifle range and stopped to take aim.Once they found a herd, they sneaked up to within rifle range on foot.kitchen rangeThe company cooker, a kitchen range on wheels, was being stoked up.He sat down in the big easy-chair beside the kitchen range, took me on his knee and read me a story.The scrubbing was the nastiest, she thought despairingly, bad though blacking the grates, particularly the kitchen range, was.