Sense: 1, 3-10
Date: 1300-1400
Language: Old North French
Origin: roque, from Vulgar Latin rocca
Sense: 2
Date: 1900-2000
Origin: ROCK2


1 noun
rock1 S2 W2


a) [uncountable]HEG the hard substance that forms the main surface of the Earth [↪ stone]:
To build the tunnel, they had to cut through 500 feet of solid rock.
Most of the country is desert and bare rock.
massive rock formations (=shapes made naturally from rock)
ancient dark volcanic rock
b) [countable]DN a piece of rock, especially a large one that sticks up from the ground:
Jack stood on a rock for a better view.
During the storm a ship had been driven onto the rocks (=a line of rocks under or next to the sea).


[uncountable] also rock musicAPM a type of popular modern music with a strong loud beat, played using guitars and drums
rock band/group
Komuro formed a rock band with some friends while in college.
the late rock star, Freddie Mercury
The stadium has hosted numerous rock concerts.
hard rock

; ➔ punk rock

at punk (1)

(as) solid/steady as a rock

a) very strongly built or well supported and not likely to break or fall:
a large sofa, solid as a rock
b) someone who is as solid or steady as a rock is very strong and calm in difficult situations and you can depend on them rock-solid

be on the rocks

informal a relationship or business that is on the rocks is having a lot of problems and is likely to fail soon [= in trouble]:
I'm afraid Tim's marriage is on the rocks.

scotch/vodka etc on the rocks

informalDFD an alcoholic drink that is served with ice but no water

sweet food

[uncountable] British EnglishDF a hard sweet made in long round pieces:


a) [uncountable] a very pure form of the illegal drug cocaine that some people use for pleasure
b) [countable] a small amount of this drug

be (stuck) between a rock and a hard place

to have a choice between two things, both of which are unpleasant or dangerous

get your rocks off

informal not polite if a man gets his rocks off, he has sex


[countable usually plural] old-fashioned informalHEG a diamond or other jewel

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