From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishcalculatecal‧cu‧late /ˈkælkjəleɪt/ ●●● S2 W3 verb [transitive] 1 FIND OUTto find out how much something will cost, how long something will take etc, by using numbers These instruments calculate distances precisely.calculate how much/how many etc I’m trying to calculate how much paint we need.calculate (that) Sally calculated that she’d have about £100 left.calculate something on something Rates are calculated on an hourly basis.RegisterIn everyday English, people usually say that they work something out or, in American English, figure something out, rather than calculate it:We still haven’t worked out how much it’s all going to cost.GrammarIn more formal English, you say it is calculated that: It is calculated that over $16 billion has been spent on the project. 2 GUESSto guess something using as many facts as you can findcalculate (that) Researchers calculated that this group was at a higher risk of heart disease.calculate how/what/whether etc It’s difficult to calculate what effect all these changes will have on the company.3 → be calculated to do somethingTHESAURUScalculate formal to find out an amount, price, or value by adding numbers togetherThe students calculated the cost of printing 5000 copies of their book.work out to calculate something. Work out is less formal than calculate, and is more common in everyday EnglishYou need to work out how much you will need to borrow.figure out (also figure American English) informal to calculate an amountWe still haven't figured out how much it's all going to cost.the method for figuring welfare paymentscount to find out the total number of things or people in a group by looking at each one and adding them all togetherThe teacher counted the children as they got on the bus.total (also total up) to add a number of things together to get a final numberOnce the scores have been totaled, we will announce the winner.Okay, now let's total up who had the most points.quantify formal to say how much something costs, how much of it there is, how serious or effective it is etcI think it's difficult to quantify the cost at the moment, for a variety of reasons.How do you quantify the benefits of the treatment? a reliable method for quantifying the amount of calcium in the bloodassess formal to calculate what the value or cost of something is, or decide how good, bad etc something isThe value of the paintings was assessed at $20 million.They are still assessing the damage.We need to have a better way of assessing students' progress.estimate to guess an amount, price, or number as exactly as you can, based on the knowledge you haveThe police department estimates that the number of violent crimes will decrease by 2%.put a figure on something to say what you think the exact total amount or value of something is, especially when it is a lot It's hard to put a figure on it, but the final cost is likely to be over £225 million.The company has refused to put a figure on its losses. project to calculate what an amount will be in the future, using the information you have nowThe company projects sales of $4 million this year.different ways of calculatingadd to put two or more numbers together to find the totalIf you add 7 and 5, you get 12.subtract/take away to reduce one number by another number. take something away sounds more informal than subtractIf you subtract 12 from 15, you get 3.multiply to add a number to itself a particular number of times4 multiplied by 10 is 40.divide to calculate how many times one number contains another number10 divided by 2 equals 5. → calculate on something→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpuscalculate• Alternatively, the balance conditions of the Hay bridge can be derived to allow L and R to be calculated.• Several different scenarios can be calculated and printed out very rapidly.• The price was calculated from an average of the market price in the last six months, as per stock market regulations.• I began calculating how long it would take to get to the airport if I left at 4:00.• Effective administration needs people, managers, unswerving devotion and discipline; building from scratch needs capital and carefully calculated investment.• He calculated that he could not beat either Heath or Maudling, and he preferred to avoid the contest.• Sally calculated that she needed $300 to pay all her bills.• He calculates the car will last two more years after which he thinks he will be able to sell it for £400.• Their accountant calculated the total cost of the project.• Mixing curves are ticked to represent 20% increments, and were calculated using the following parameters.calculate something on something• Rates are calculated on an hourly basis.calculate how/what/whether etc• Already they would be consulting their watches, calculating how long it would be before he could make it.• We posted our letters, and immediately started calculating how long it would take for replies to reach us.• Next he had to calculate how many rounds each man had to plough.• Given certain pieces of data, it is necessary to calculate how many words in the lexicon match this search criteria.• I calculated how much kinase I had missed earlier and then just made up for it.• This would allow investors to factor out inflation before calculating how much money they made on the sale of a particular asset.• You will be shocked when you calculate how much money you will need to get your business up and going.• I waited, looking on while he calculated how much she owed him.