|Origin:||thrawan 'to cause to twist or turn'|
throw1 S1 W1 past tense threw past participle thrown
to make an object such as a ball move quickly through the air by pushing your hand forward quickly and letting the object go
throw a ball/stone etc[intransitive and transitive]
throw something to somebody
He threw his shirt to someone in the crowd.
throw something at somebody/something
Someone threw a stone at the car.
a crowd of boys throwing snowballs at each other
throw somebody something
Throw me that towel, would you.
to put something somewhere quickly and carelessly:
put something carelessly[transitive always + adverb/preposition]
He threw a handful of money onto the table.
Don't just throw your clothes on the floor - pick them up!
to push someone or something roughly and violently:
push roughly/violently[transitive always + adverb/preposition]
The bus stopped suddenly and we were all thrown forwards.
The guards threw Biko to the ground and started kicking him.
The bomb exploded, throwing bricks and debris into the air.
She drew the curtains and threw open the windows.
make somebody fall[transitive]
to make your opponent fall to the ground in a sport in which you fight
if a horse throws its rider, it makes them fall onto the ground
to suddenly and quickly move your hands, arms, head etc into a new position:
move hands/head etc[transitive always + adverb/preposition]
I threw my arms around her and kissed her.
He threw his head back and laughed.
to make someone feel very confused:
It threw me completely when she said she was coming to stay with us.
to move or jump somewhere suddenly and with a lot of force:
He threw himself down onto the bed.
She committed suicide by throwing herself out of a tenth floor window.
to put someone in prison:
Anyone who opposes the regime is thrown in jail.
to suddenly take away someone's job or position of authority:
Hundreds of men were thrown out of work when the mine closed down.
Elections were held, and the government was thrown out of office.
to make people feel very confused and not certain about what they should do:
Everyone was thrown into confusion by this news.
The transport industry has been thrown into chaos by the strike.
to make people think that something is probably not true:
Fresh evidence has thrown doubt on her story.
to make people think that someone is probably guilty:
This latest document throws suspicion on the company chairman.
to quickly look at someone with a particular expression that shows how you are feeling:
He threw Anna a big smile.
He threw a glance at Connor.
to react in a very angry way:
I can't tell my parents - they'd throw a fit!
to say something to someone or ask them something roughly:
They threw a few awkward questions at me.
'You're early!' she threw at him accusingly.
to allow people to go into a place that is usually kept private
throw something open to
Plans have been announced to throw the Palace open to the public.
to allow anyone to take part in a competition or a discussion
throw something open to
I would now like to throw the debate open to our audience.
to make something start or stop working by moving a control:
He threw a switch and the lights all went out.
to organize a party and invite people
to try to solve a problem by spending a lot of money but without really thinking about the problem:
The problem cannot be solved by throwing money at it.
to be forced to have to depend on your own skills, knowledge etc:
Once again, we were thrown back on our own resources.
to start doing an activity with a lot of effort and energy:
Since her husband died, she's thrown herself into her work.
to use your position of authority to tell people what to do in an unreasonable way:
He's the sort of insensitive bully who enjoys throwing his weight around.
to support a plan, person etc and use your power to make sure they succeed:
The party leadership is throwing its weight behind the campaign.
to make something easier to understand by providing new information:
Recent investigations have thrown new light on how the two men died.
to make light or shadow fall on a particular place:
The trees threw long, dark shadows across the cornfield.
to punish someone as severely as possible or charge them with as many offences as possible:
If you get caught they'll throw the book at you!
to be unkind to someone after they have been kind to you or helped you:
I felt that everything I'd done for them was thrown back in my face.
to do something that shows you think something is not good but feel you cannot do anything to change it:
Ted threw up his hands in disgust. 'Can't you make her change her mind?' he asked.
to stop trying to do something [= give up]
to try very hard to attract someone's attention because you want to have a sexual relationship with them
to try to hit someone with your hand in a fight:
We need to sort this out before people start throwing punches.
to deliberately lose a fight or sports game that you could have won:
He was allegedly offered £20,000 to throw the match.
to roll dice or to get a particular number by rolling dice:
You have to throw a six to start.
to make a pot by shaping clay as it turns round on a special wheel
to use a special trick to make your voice seem to be coming from a different place from the place you are standing
to ignore the risks and deliberately behave in a way that may cause trouble or problems:
I threw caution to the winds and followed him.
to get rid of good useful parts of a system, organization etc when you are changing it in order to try and make it better
➔ throw in/cast your lot with somebodyat lot2 (8)
throw something ↔ awayphrasal verb
to get rid of something that you do not want or need:
I never throw clothes away.
I shouldn't have thrown away the receipt.
to spend money in a way that is not sensible:
I can't afford to throw money away.
to waste something good that you have, for example a skill or an opportunity:
This could be the best chance you'll ever have. Don't throw it away!
throw something ↔ inphrasal verb
to add something to what you are selling, without increasing the price:
We paid $2000 for the boat, with the trailer and spares thrown in.
if you throw in a remark, you say it suddenly without thinking carefully:
She threw in a couple of odd remarks about men.
to admit that you have been defeated
throw somebody/something ↔ offphrasal verb
to take off a piece of clothing in a quick careless way:
They threw off their clothes and dived in.
to get free from something that has been limiting your freedom:
In 1845, they finally threw off the yoke of foreign rule.
if you throw off an illness, you get better from it:
It's taken me ages to throw off this cold.
to escape from someone or something that is chasing you:
We ran flat out for about half a mile before we could throw them off.
to produce large amounts of heat or light:
The engine was throwing off so much heat that the air above it shimmered with haze.
throw something ↔ onphrasal verb
I threw on a pair of jeans and a T-shirt.
throw somebody/something ↔ outphrasal verb
to get rid of something that you do not want or need:
We usually throw out all our old magazines.
to make someone leave a place, school, or organization, especially because they have done something that is against the rules:
Nick got thrown out of college in the second year for taking drugs.
I knew he would never throw us out on the street (=make us leave our home when we have nowhere else to live).
if people throw out a plan or suggestion, they refuse to accept it:
The idea was thrown out by the committee.
The bill was thrown out by the Senate.
if something throws out smoke, heat, dust etc, it produces a lot of it and fills the air with it:
huge trucks throwing out noxious fumes from their exhausts
throw somebody ↔ overphrasal verb
to end a romantic relationship with someone
throw somebody/something ↔ togetherphrasal verb
to make something such as a meal quickly and not very carefully:
There's lots of food in the fridge - I'm sure I can throw something together.
if a situation throws people together, it makes them meet and know each other:
It was the war that had thrown them together.
throw upphrasal verb
to bring food or drink up from your stomach out through your mouth because you are ill [= vomit]: ➔ see usage note sick1
Georgia was bent over the basin, throwing up.
2 British English
to produce problems, ideas, results etc:
The arrangement may throw up problems in other areas.
if a vehicle, runner etc throws up dust, water etc as they move along, they make it rise into the air
throw something ↔ up
to suddenly leave your job, your home etc:
throw something ↔ upBritish English informal
I can't just throw everything up and come and live with you.
to build something quickly:
throw something ↔ upBritish English
new houses hastily thrown up by developers