English version

Topic: Plants

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishplantplant1 /plɑːnt $ plænt/ ●●● S2 W1 noun  1 living thing [countable]HBP a living thing that has leaves and roots and grows in earth, especially one that is smaller than a tree Don’t forget to water the plants. houseplant2 factory [countable]TIF a factory or building where an industrial process happens a huge chemical plant power plant3 machinery [uncountable] British EnglishTI heavy machinery that is used in industrial processes a plant hire business4 something hidden [countable usually singular]GUILTY something illegal or stolen that is hidden in someone’s clothes or possessions to make them seem guilty of a crime5 person [countable]SPY someone who is put somewhere or sent somewhere secretly to find out informationCOLLOCATIONSADJECTIVES/NOUN + plantrareMany rare plants were collected from India and China.commonThese plants are common in British gardens.wild plantsMany wild plants are in danger of dying out.garden plants (=plants that are grown in gardens)These butterflies feed on the flowers of several garden plants.exotic/tropical plantsExotic plants can be grown in a greenhouse.medicinal plants (=plants that can be used in medicine)A lot of research into medicinal plants and traditional remedies has now been carried out.a potted/pot plant British English (=a plant that is grown in a container)He leaves his house key under the potted plant on the porch.a house plant (=a plant grown in a pot in the house)These make excellent house plants.a climbing plant (=one that grows up things)The wall was covered with climbing plants.a trailing plant (=one that grows along the ground or hangs down)a tomato/potato/bean etc plantBean plants are easy to grow.poisonousWhat should you do if your child has eaten a poisonous plant?verbsa plant growsThe plant grows to a height of about 20 inches.a plant thrives/flourishes (=grows well)A lot of plants thrive in partial shade.a plant flowersThe plants are flowering earlier this year.grow a plantIt is not an easy plant to grow.water a plantHe could see her watering the plants in her small garden.a plant withers (=becomes drier and starts to die)plant + NOUNplant life (=plants)All but the dirtiest of rivers support some plant life.plant materialThey feed on decaying plant material.THESAURUSplant a living thing that has leaves and roots and grows in earth, especially one that is smaller than a treeDon’t forget to water the plants.Plants grow towards the sun.Botanists examined plant species from around the world.herb a small plant that is used to improve the taste of food, or to make medicineSprinkle the dish with chopped fresh herbs.medicinal herbs (=used as medicine)The shop sells an interesting range of herbs and spices.weed a wild plant growing where it is not wanted that prevents crops or garden flowers from growing properlyShe was pulling up weeds in her garden.Herbicides can be used to prevent and control weeds.bulb a root shaped like a ball that grows into a flower or plantShe planted hundreds of daffodil bulbs.shrub a small bush with several woody stemsflowering shrubsRosemary is an evergreen shrub.
Examples from the Corpus
plantCarlson swore to the police that the drugs were a plant.an aluminum plantThe usual amount of organic detritus produced by the fish and plants will be sufficient for its growth.He concluded by asking Miller for one little root of Ixia, or other bulbous plant from the Cape.Perhaps difficulty in obtaining natron through the traditionally established routes triggered the use of halophytic plants instead.a KGB plant in the Washington establishmentUnlike most land plants, aquatic plants are not dependent solely on nutrition obtained through the root system.In Grozny, the capital of Chechnya, gunmen reportedly seized 30 workers at an electrical power plant.When I do fertilize the plants you mention, I use a high-phosphorus fertilizer.They also tend to survive burial in conditions that destroy the rest of the plant.a tomato plantThe triumphant plant, a combination of lichen and cactus, certainly would look weird to the eyes of man.