Topic: ROADS


2 noun
turn2 S1 W1

chance to do something

[countable] the time when it is your chance, duty, or right to do something that each person in a group is doing one after the other [= go British English]
turn to do something
Whose turn is it to set the table?
It's your turn. Roll the dice.
I think it's our turn to drive the kids to school this week.

take turns

also take it in turns British English if two or more people take turns doing work, using something etc, they do it one after the other, for example in order to share the work or play fairly:
You'll have to take turns on the swing.
take turns doing something
The students were taking turns reading aloud.
take turns in doing something British English
We took turns in pushing the bike along.
take turns to do something
Dan and I usually take turns to cook.

in turn

a) as a result of something:
Interest rates were cut and, in turn, share prices rose.
b) one after the other, especially in a particular order:
Each of us in turn had to describe how alcohol had affected our lives.


a) American English a place where one road goes in a different direction from the one you are on [= turning British English]
According to the map we missed our turn back there.
take the first/a wrong etc turn (=go along the first etc road)
I think we took a wrong turn coming out of town.
Take the second turn on the left.
b) a curve in a road, path etc:
There's a sharp turn coming up ahead.

change direction

[countable] a change in the direction you are moving
make a left/right turn
Make a left turn at the station.

change in events

[countable] a sudden or unexpected change that makes a situation develop in a different way
take a dramatic/fresh/different etc turn
From then on, our fortunes took a downward turn.
My career had already taken a new turn.
The President was stunned by the sudden turn of events.
take a turn for the worse/better
Two days after the operation, Dad took a turn for the worse.

the turn of the century/year

the beginning of a new century or year:
the short period from the turn of the century until World War One

at every turn

happening again and again, especially in an annoying way:
problems that presented themselves at every turn

act of turning something

[countable] the act of turning something completely around a fixed point:
I gave the screw another two or three turns.

by turns

changing from one quality, feeling etc to another:
By turns, a 14 year old is affectionate then aggressive, silent then outspoken.

turn of phrase

a) the ability to say things in a clever or funny way:
Kate has a colourful turn of phrase.
b) a particular way of saying something [= expression]:
What a strange turn of phrase!

speak/talk out of turn

to say something you should not say in a particular situation, especially because you do not have enough authority to say it:
I'm sorry if I spoke out of turn, Major Karr.

do somebody a good/bad turn

to do something that is helpful or unhelpful for someone:
You did me a good turn by driving Max home last night.

one good turn deserves another

used to say that if someone does something nice for you, you should do something nice for them

turn of mind

the particular way that someone usually thinks or feels
an academic/practical etc turn of mind
youngsters with an independent turn of mind

on the turn

British English
a) HEM if the tide is on the turn, the sea is starting to come in or go out
b) starting to change, or in the process of changing:
Hopefully my luck was on the turn.
c) DF if milk, fish, or other food is on the turn, it is no longer fresh

turn of speed

British English a sudden increase in your speed, or the ability to increase your speed suddenly:
He's a top goalkicker with a surprising turn of speed.

done to a turn

British English to be perfectly cooked

take a turn in/on etc something

old-fashioned to walk somewhere for pleasure

give somebody a turn

old-fashioned to frighten someone

have a turn

British English old-fashioned to feel slightly ill

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