Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Topic: SOIL

Date: 1200-1300
Language: Anglo-French
Origin: 'piece of ground', from Latin solium 'seat'; influenced by Latin solum 'ground, soil'

soil

1 noun
     
soil1 W2
1 [uncountable and countable]TASDLG the top layer of the earth in which plants grow [= earth]:
The soil here is very poor.
The bush grows well in a sandy soil.
see usage note ground1
2

on British/French/foreign etc soil

formalSAN in Britain, France etc:
The crime was committed on American soil.
3 [uncountable] a place or situation where something can develop:
Eastern Europe provided fertile soil for political activists.
4

somebody's native soil

literarySAN your own country
5

the soil

literaryTAAL farming as a job or way of life:
They make their living from the soil.
WORD CHOICE: WORD CHOICE:

ground, land, earth, soil, floor
The ground is the surface that you walk on when you are outdoors There were a few flakes of snow on the ground. an area of muddy groundland is an area of ground that is owned or controlled by someone They were on his land. land set aside for housingIt is also the part of the earth's surface that is not covered in water animals that live on landearth or soil is the soft substance that covers the ground and that plants grow in Green shoots peeped through the earth. fertile soilThe Earth or earth is also the planet that we live on.The floor is the surface that you walk on when you are indoors There's mud all over the floor!See also ground
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