From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishcloseclose1 /kləʊz $ kloʊz/ ●●● S1 W1 verb 1 shut [intransitive, transitive]SHUT/CLOSE to shut something in order to cover an opening, or to become shut in this way syn shut opp open → closed Would you mind if I closed the window? She closed the curtains. Let me do the car door – it won’t close properly. Beth closed her eyes and tried to sleep. She heard the door close behind her.2 move parts together [intransitive, transitive] to move the parts of something together so that there is no longer a space between them Anne closed her book and stood up.3 shut for period of time [intransitive, transitive] (also close up)SHUT/CLOSE if a shop or building closes, or you close it, it stops being open to the public for a period of time opp open syn shut British English → closed The shops close at six. Harry usually closes the store completely when he goes on vacation.4 NO LONGER EXISTstop operating [intransitive, transitive] (also close down)SHUT/CLOSE if a company, shop etc closes, or you close it, it stops operating permanently syn shut down, → closed We have reluctantly decided to close the factory. The shop closed down some time last year.5 end [intransitive, transitive]FINISH/COME TO AN END to end or to make something end, especially in a particular wayclose something with/by etc I will now close the meeting by asking you to join me in a final toast.close with The movie closes with an emotional reunion in Prague.closing remarks (=something you say at the end of a speech) In her closing remarks, the judge urged the jury to consider the facts only.6 → close an account7 FINANCIAL/ECONOMICin money markets [intransitive always + adverb/preposition]BFS to be worth a particular amount of money at the end of a day’s trading (=the buying and selling of shares) on the stock exchangeclose at The dollar closed at 64p against the pound.close up/down Their shares closed 27p up (=worth 27p more).8 → close a deal/sale/contract etc9 offer finishes [intransitive]FINISH/COME TO AN END to finish on a particular date syn end Our special offer closes on June 3.10 make distance/difference smaller [intransitive, transitive]NEAR to make the distance or difference between two things smaller an attempt to close the gap between the rich and poorclose on The other car was closing on us fast.11 make something unavailable [intransitive, transitive]REDUCE to make taking part in an activity or using an opportunity no longer possible → closed Bidding for the painting will close on Friday. The country has now closed its borders to all foreign nationals (=will not let foreigners in). The legislation aims to close a lot of legal loopholes.12 → be closed13 → close your doors (to somebody)14 → close your mind to/against something15 hold something [intransitive always + adverb/preposition, transitive]HOLD if someone’s hands, arms etc close around something, or are closed around something, they hold it firmlyclose (something) around/round/over etc something Her left hand closed over his arm. She closed her hand tightly around her bag.16 wound [intransitive, transitive] (also close up)CUREHEALTHY if a wound closes, or if someone closes it, the edges grow together again or are sewn together The surgeon closed the incision neatly.17 → close ranks18 → close the book on something → closing date, closing time, → close/shut the door on something at door1(9), → close your eyes to something at eye1(16)GrammarClose belongs to a group of verbs where the same noun can be the subject of the verb or its object. • You can say: She closed the door. In this sentence, ‘the door’ is the object of close.• You can say: The door closed. In this sentence, ‘the door’ is the subject of close.THESAURUSclose to stop being open, or to make something stop being open. You use close and shut especially about your eyes, your mouth, a door, a window, or a containerCan I close the window?Her eyes slowly closed.He closed the door gently, so as not to wake the children.shut to close something. Shut sometimes has a feeling of doing something quickly and firmly, whereas close sounds more carefulHe shut the door with a loud bang.Shut your eyes and go to sleep. slam to close a door or lid quickly and noisily, especially because you are angryShe left the room, slamming the door behind her.draw the curtains to close curtains by pulling them across a windowThe curtains were still drawn at ten o'clock in the morning.put the lid on something to close a container by putting a lid onto itDid you put the lid on the cookie jar?seal to close something so that no air or water can get in or outIn this experiment, the chamber must be completely sealed. → close down → close in → close something ↔ off → close on somebody/something → close something ↔ out → close up → close with somebody/something→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpusclose• The first shock was that the mill closed.• The legislation closes a lot of loopholes in the tax law.• Close all applications before shutting down your computer.• The pension fund was broke, the mines were closed, and it looked like the moon.• Most of the stores close at 6:30.• It's closing down ... declared a fire safety risk ... only a few years after it was reopened.• After 85 years, the local newspaper closed down last month.• Ann closed her book and stood up.• When he finishes his supper, the boy tucks the lunch box back into a shopping bag and closes his eyes.• The hotel is closed in the winter.• Anheuser-Busch even threatened to close its St Louis plant if the tax measure passed, though nobody believed that.• The special offer for tickets closes June 3.• The play opens Monday and is scheduled to close March 20.• WalMart shares closed only 4 cents down.• The door closed silently behind Mariko.• Hundreds of timber mills have been closed since World War II.• Close the curtains - it's getting dark.• She took the necklace out of the box and closed the lid.• Do you mind if I close the window?• What time does the mall close tonight?• The cut should close up within a few days.• The novel closes when the family reunites in Prague.• Okay, close your eyes and make a wish.closed ... eyes• He put his hands behind his head and closed his eyes.• Hitched horses in front of the saloons shivered and closed their eyes.• I got into bed and closed my eyes.• She hit the other one, and then sat stock-still; tears ran from her closed eyes.• He closed his eyes and groaned.• He pulled his awkward cloak about his shoulders and closed his eyes, emptying his head of preoccupations.• If she closed her eyes she could see again those glittering lights and hear the gay, entrancing music.• I closed my eyes, trying to make the chaos outside a dream.closing remarks• Mr. Brooke I am grateful to the hon. Gentleman for his remarks, and not least his closing remarks.• Mr. Brooke I am most grateful to my right hon. Friend for his kind closing remarks.• In his closing remarks , Merrill said that the plan "reflects the hard work of many people."close up/down• The stock rebounded somewhat today, closing up 1 / 4 at 54 12.• Adventure giants Atlas, alas, have closed down.• It was very kind of you to look at me when you were ready to close up.• The stock prices of both airlines closed down Monday.• Imprinting and cell differentiation both involve the closing down of genes but the mechanisms are evidently distinct.• The service will close down on 5 September and will be replaced by a metered service.• Cinder blocks have closed up the door and windows.• Or maybe they had closed down the Project and abandoned him.close the gap• He never had a chance, and he never closed the gap.• Over the final 40 metres Louise closed the gap and was just first to the touch in 1.14.55.• Like Schüssler Fiorenza, Phyllis Trible seeks to close the gap between past and present.• Gretna, meanwhile, are hoping to close the gap on leaders Murton by beating Ferryhill at Raydale Park.• But it has closed the gap slightly.• Moors are closing the gap steadily on the leading teams, and three points today could lift them three places into fifth.• Boughton Hall closed the gap with an eight wicket triumph at Huyton.• Finally the research vessel began to sidle sideways towards us, using its bow thrusters to close the gap with Hsu Fu.closed ... borders• Neighbouring countries have closed their borders.