Topic: TOOLS

Sense: 1-2, 5-7
Date: 1500-1600
Origin: PUNCH1
Sense: 3
Date: 1600-1700
Origin: Perhaps from Hindi pãc 'five'; because there are five things that go into it.
Sense: 4
Date: 1500-1600
Origin: Probably from puncheon; POUNCE
Sense: 8
Date: 1800-1900
Origin: Punch character in children's puppet shows, from Punchinello, probably from Italian dialect polecenella 'little chicken'


2 noun
1 [countable] a quick strong hit made with your fist (=closed hand)
punch in/on
a punch in the kidneys
I managed to land a punch on his chin.
The two men started throwing punches (=trying to hit each other).
2 [singular,uncountable] a strong effective way of expressing things that makes people interested:
30 years after it was written, Orton's 'Entertaining Mr Sloane' still packs a punch.
3 [uncountable and countable]DFD a drink made from fruit juice, sugar, water, and usually some alcohol:
a glass of hot punch
4 [countable]TZ a metal tool for cutting holes or for pushing something into a small hole

a one-two punch

two bad events that happen close together:
A meteorite collided with Earth at the same time, delivering a one-two punch to the magnetic field.

not pull any/your punches

to express disapproval or criticism clearly, without trying to hide anything:
The inquiry report doesn't pull any punches in apportioning blame.

beat somebody/something to the punch

informal to do or get something before anyone else does:
Hitachi has beaten its competitors to the punch with its new palmtop.

as pleased as punch

old-fashioned very happy:
He's as pleased as punch about the baby.

➔ pack a (hard) punch

at pack1 (8)

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