English version

brake in Transport topic

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishbrakebrake1 /breΙͺk/ ●●● S3 noun [countable] πŸ”Š πŸ”Š 1 TT[often plural] a piece of equipment that makes a vehicle go more slowly or stop πŸ”Š Test your brakes after driving through water. πŸ”Š I managed to put the brakes on just in time. πŸ”Š Moira slammed on the brakes (=used them suddenly and with a lot of force).apply the brakes formal πŸ”Š He applied the brakes but failed to stop in time.the rear/front brakes πŸ”Š the screech of brakes (=the loud unpleasant noise they can make) β†’ anti-lock braking system, emergency brake, handbrake, parking brake2 β†’ act as a brake on something3 β†’ put the brakes on somethingCOLLOCATIONSverbsput the brakes on (=use the brakes)Put the brakes on – you’re going too fast.apply the brakes formal (=use them)Apply the brakes as you approach the roundabout.slam on/jam on/hit the brakes (=use them suddenly and with a lot of force)The car in front stopped suddenly and I had to slam on the brakes.release the brake (=stop using the foot or hand brake)The traffic lights turned green and I released the brake.brakes fail (=do not work when you use them)Going down the mountain I was afraid the brakes might fail.brakes screech (=make a high noise when you use them)The brakes screeched and the train finally stopped.ADJECTIVES/NOUN + brake faulty (=not working properly)Faulty brakes may have caused the accident.The brakes could have been faulty.the rear/front brakes (=for the rear/front wheels)The rear brakes were ineffective.the foot brake (=one you apply with your foot, to slow the car down)He stamped on the foot brake.the hand brake (also the emergency brake, the parking brake American English) (=one you apply with your hand, to stop the car moving when parked)I tried to drive off with the hand brake still on.anti-lock brakes (=that do not cause the wheels to lock and skid if the brakes are used suddenly)The car comes equipped with anti-lock brakes.brake + NOUNthe brake pedal (=that you press with your foot)She pressed the brake pedal but nothing happened.brake failure (=when brakes do not work)What should you do in the event of a brake failure?phrasesthe screech of brakes (=the loud unpleasant sound of a car stopping suddenly)I heard the screech of brakes in the road outside.
Examples from the Corpus
brakeβ€’ The back brake on my bike needs adjusting.β€’ The drum brakes are also rather vintage.β€’ Council officials say lives were at risk from mechanical defects, including faulty brakes.β€’ Once again, anti-lock brakes and traction control are standard.β€’ She had to stoop again for the case, and so she caught sight of the pool of brake fluid at once.β€’ Feather the brakes, I reminded myself.β€’ She could see at once that the brakes would be useless.β€’ The brakes sometimes slow the car, but not always.β€’ The trains were fitted throughout with the Westinghouse brake, in accordance with Continental practice, and with steam-heating apparatus.