English version

brake in Transport topic

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishbrakebrake1 /breɪk/ ●●● S3 noun [countable]  1 TT[often plural] a piece of equipment that makes a vehicle go more slowly or stop Test your brakes after driving through water. I managed to put the brakes on just in time. Moira slammed on the brakes (=used them suddenly and with a lot of force).apply the brakes formal He applied the brakes but failed to stop in time.the rear/front brakes the screech of brakes (=the loud unpleasant noise they can make) anti-lock braking system, emergency brake, handbrake, parking brake2 act as a brake on something3 put the brakes on somethingCOLLOCATIONSverbsput the brakes on (=use the brakes)Put the brakes on – you’re going too fast.apply the brakes formal (=use them)Apply the brakes as you approach the roundabout.slam on/jam on/hit the brakes (=use them suddenly and with a lot of force)The car in front stopped suddenly and I had to slam on the brakes.release the brake (=stop using the foot or hand brake)The traffic lights turned green and I released the brake.brakes fail (=do not work when you use them)Going down the mountain I was afraid the brakes might fail.brakes screech (=make a high noise when you use them)The brakes screeched and the train finally stopped.ADJECTIVES/NOUN + brake faulty (=not working properly)Faulty brakes may have caused the accident.The brakes could have been faulty.the rear/front brakes (=for the rear/front wheels)The rear brakes were ineffective.the foot brake (=one you apply with your foot, to slow the car down)He stamped on the foot brake.the hand brake (also the emergency brake, the parking brake American English) (=one you apply with your hand, to stop the car moving when parked)I tried to drive off with the hand brake still on.anti-lock brakes (=that do not cause the wheels to lock and skid if the brakes are used suddenly)The car comes equipped with anti-lock brakes.brake + NOUNthe brake pedal (=that you press with your foot)She pressed the brake pedal but nothing happened.brake failure (=when brakes do not work)What should you do in the event of a brake failure?phrasesthe screech of brakes (=the loud unpleasant sound of a car stopping suddenly)I heard the screech of brakes in the road outside.
Examples from the Corpus
brakeThe back brake on my bike needs adjusting.The drum brakes are also rather vintage.Council officials say lives were at risk from mechanical defects, including faulty brakes.Once again, anti-lock brakes and traction control are standard.She had to stoop again for the case, and so she caught sight of the pool of brake fluid at once.Feather the brakes, I reminded myself.She could see at once that the brakes would be useless.The brakes sometimes slow the car, but not always.The trains were fitted throughout with the Westinghouse brake, in accordance with Continental practice, and with steam-heating apparatus.