(1925-65) a black leader in the US who worked to improve the social and economic position of black people. He became a member of the Black Muslims in 1952, and spoke publicly about the need for black people in the US to live separately from white people, and he encouraged them to use violence to protect themselves. In 1964, he left the Black Muslims and established the Organization of Afro-American Unity. He was murdered in 1965 while making a speech in Harlem, New York City.
Definition from the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Advanced Learner's Dictionary.
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