1a programme of economic and social changes that was introduced in the US by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933, in order to help people who had lost their jobs or their property as a result of the Great Depression. It included money for farmers to borrow and an important programme of public works (=work on new roads, public buildings etc, paid for by the government)
2a programme introduced in the UK by the Labour government in 1998, in order to help people without jobs, especially people who have been unemployed for a long time. It offers people new jobs or the opportunity to receive training.
Definition from the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Advanced Learner's Dictionary.
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