(1853-1902) a South African politician, born in the UK, who was Prime Minister of Cape Colony (1890-96) and is famous for his imperialism (=the policy by which rich and powerful countries gain political and economic control over poorer countries). He also made a lot of money from diamond mines, and he used some of this to set up the Rhodes Scholarships.
Definition from the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Advanced Learner's Dictionary.
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