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Saddam Hussein

     
Saddam, Hussein
(1937- ) the President of Iraq since 1979 to 2003. He led Iraq in a long war against Iran (1980-88), and in 1990 he tried to take control of Kuwait. This caused the Gulf War, and Saddam's armies were forced to leave Kuwait by United Nations forces, led by the US. Because the US and Britain believed that Saddam was preventing UN weapons inspectors from checking whether Iraq had weapons of mass destruction, they invaded Iraq and took Saddam prisoner. He was put on trial by the Iraqi authorities in 2003, charged with crimes against the Iraqi people.

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