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South Africa

     
South Africa also the Republic of South Africa
a country in southern Africa south of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe. Population: 43,586,000 (2001). Capitals: Pretoria and Cape Town. Largest city: Johannesburg. Until the 1990s, the country was ruled by an all-white government using the system of apartheid, which separated people of different races and gave no political rights to black people. In 1994 the African National Congress (ANC), led by Nelson Mandela, won South Africa's first fully democratic election and became the government. South Africa's best-known products are gold and diamonds.

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