(1853-90) a Dutch painter who went to live in southern France and who helped to develop the style of post-impressionism. His paintings typically use bright colours and have thick lines of paint in circular patterns, and the most famous ones include 'Sunflowers' and 'Irises'. He is also famous for being mentally ill and for cutting off one of his ears and later killing himself.
Definition from the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Advanced Learner's Dictionary.
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