a country in the United Kingdom, west of England, which was an independent country until it was brought under English rule in 1284. Population: 2,903,085 (2001). Capital: Cardiff. The country's Welsh name is Cymru. Traditionally, its main industries were farming, especially sheep farming and, in South Wales, coal mining. The mines have now all closed. The Welsh language is spoken by many people, especially in the north. The Welsh assembly gives the Welsh people more power to govern themselves while still being part of the UK. Some people, including the political party Plaid Cymru, want Wales to be an independent country. The national symbols of Wales are the leek, the daffodil, and the red dragon. The patron saint is Saint David.
Definition from the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Advanced Learner's Dictionary.