afteraf‧ter1 /ˈɑːftə $ ˈæftər/ ●●●S1W1 preposition, conjunction, adverb1AFTERwhen a particular event or time has happened, or when someone has done something opp beforeAfter the war many soldiers stayed in France.I go swimming every day after work.Do you believe in life after death?The first attack started just after midnight.David went to bed straight after (=immediately after) supper.After you’d called the police, what did you do?Zimmerman changed his name after he left Germany.People still remember the 1958 revolution and what came after (=happened after it).after doing somethingAfter leaving school, Mackay worked in a restaurant for a year.two days/three weeks etc after (something)Ten years after he bought the painting, Carswell discovered that it was a fake.the day/week/year etc after (something) (=the next day, week etc)His car was outside your house the morning after Bob’s engagement party.I’ll see you again tomorrow or the day after.She retired from politics the year after she received the Nobel Prize.soon/not long/shortly after (something)Not long after the wedding, his wife became ill.The family moved to Hardingham in June 1983, and Sarah’s first child was born soon after.2AFTERwhen a particular amount of time has passed opp beforeAfter ten minutes remove the cake from the oven.You’ll get used to it after a while.After months of negotiation, an agreement was finally reached.3AFTERfollowing someone or something else in a list or a piece of writing, or in order of importanceWhose name is after yours on the list?The date should be written after the address.After football, tennis is my favourite sport.The UK is the world’s third largest arms producer, after the USA and Russia.4American EnglishTMC used when telling the time to say how many minutes have passed since a particular hour syn past British EnglishThe movie starts at a quarter (=fifteen minutes) after seven.5 →day after day/year after year etc6a)CATCHfollowing someone in order to stop or speak to themGo after him and apologize.I heard someone running after me, and a voice called my name.b)in the direction of someone who has just left‘Good luck, ’ she called after me as I left.Harry stood in the doorway gazing after her.7AFTERwhen someone has left a place or has finished doing somethingRemember to close the door after you.I spend all day cleaning up after the kids.8BECAUSEbecause of something that happened earlierI’m not surprised he walked out, after the way she treated him.After your letter, I didn’t think I’d ever see you again.9DESPITEin spite of something that was done in the pastHow can you treat me like this after all I’ve done for you?10when you have passed a particular place or travelled a certaindistance along a roadTurn left after the hotel.After a mile you will come to a crossroads.11 →be after somebody/something12 →one after another/one after the other13 →after all14NAME OF A PERSON especially British English used to say who or what first had the name that someone or something has been givenHis name is Alessandro, after his grandfather.It was named Waterloo Bridge, after the famous battle.15formalAPAV in the same style as a particular painter, musician etca painting after Rembrandt16a)after you spokenAFTER used to say politely that someone else can use or do something before you do‘Do you need the copier?’ ‘After you.’b)after you with somethingAFTER used to ask someone if you can have or use something after they have finishedAfter you with that knife, please. → a man/woman after my own heartat heart1(22), → take afterat take1THESAURUSafter preposition after something happens, or after a period of time has passed. After is used especially when talking about the pastWe went for a walk after lunch.After an hour, we got tired of waiting and went home.They got married just after Christmas.in preposition after a particular period of time. In is used especially when talking about the future, especially the next few minutes, hours, days etcThe concert’s due to start in a few minutes.I’ll come back in an hour.In a few years’ time, this place will look completely different.within preposition after less than a month, two weeks etc has passed – used especially when the time seems surprisingly short: within a month/two weeks etcHe developed a headache at lunchtime, and within two hours he was dead.Within two days of arriving she had managed to upset everyone.24 hours/a year etc from now at a time 24 hours, a year etc after nowA week from now we’ll be in Paris.afterwards (also afterward especially American English) adverb after an event or time you have mentionedJones admitted afterwards that she had been very nervous during the game.Speaking to reporters afterward, he said the operation had been a success.He moved to Belgium, and soon afterwards he met Angela.later adverb some time after now or after the time you are talking aboutI’ll tell you about it later when I’m less busy. | two months/three years etc laterJames went off, and came back ten minutes later with some food.subsequently adverb formal after something had happened in the pastThe book was published in 1954 and was subsequently translated into fifteen languages.