English version


From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishagainsta‧gainst /əˈɡenst, əˈɡeɪnst $ əˈɡenst/ ●●● S1 W1 preposition  1 a) AGAINST/OPPOSEused to say that someone opposes or disagrees with something Every council member voted against the proposal. those who are campaigning against the new road He advised me against travelling. Mr Howard has declared that he is against all forms of racism. the fight against terrorism b) AGAINST/OPPOSEused to say that an action is not wanted or approved of by someone They got married against her parents’ wishes (=although they knew her parents did not want them to). She has been kept in the house against her will (=she does not want to stay in the house). The use of certain drugs is against the law (=illegal). It’s against my principles to borrow money (=I do not believe it is right). c) used to say that something is not allowed by a law or rule There ought to be a law against it.2 AGAINST somebody IN A GAMEused to say who someone is competing with or trying to defeat in a game, battle etc Gambotti was injured in last Saturday’s game against the Lions. We’ll be competing against the best companies in Europe.3 AGAINST/OPPOSEused to say who is harmed, threatened, or given a disadvantage violence against elderly people crimes against humanity discrimination against women There had been death threats against prison staff. Your lack of experience could count against you. The regulations tend to work against smaller companies.4 TOUCHused to say that something touches, hits, or rubs a surface the sound of the rain drumming against my window The car skidded and we could hear the crunch of metal against metal.5 TOUCHnext to and touching an upright surface, especially for support There was a ladder propped up against the wall. The younger policeman was leaning against the bureau with his arms folded.
6 OPPOSITE/FACEin the opposite direction to the movement or flow of something opp with sailing against the wind She dived down and swam out strongly against the current.7 BEHINDseen with something else behind or as a background He could see a line of figures silhouetted against the sky. It is important to know what colours look good against your skin.8 CONNECTED WITHused to show that you are considering particular events in relation to other events that are happening at the same time The reforms were introduced against a background of social unrest.9 COMPAREused to say what you are comparing something with The pound has fallen 10% against the dollar. She checked the contents of the box against the list. The cost of the proposed research needs to be balanced against its benefits.10 PROTECTused to say who or what you are trying to protect someone or something from insurance against accident and sickness a cream to protect against sunburn a vaccine which is effective against pneumonia
11 used to say who is said or shown to have done something wrong He has always emphatically denied the allegations against him. The evidence against you is overwhelming.12 be/come up against somebody/something13 have something against somebody/something
Examples from the Corpus
againstOnly 3% of blacks were registered voters against 97% of the white residents.I'm against all forms of hunting.Everyone was against closing the factory.I have trouble knowing what colors look good against each other.I hate it when the cat rubs its head against my legs.It's against my principles to borrow money.Eating good food is good insurance against sickness.The planning regulations tend to work against smaller companies.He was injured in the game against the Cowboys.It's so difficult swimming against the current.The younger policeman was leaning against the desk.There were 10 votes for and 15 against the motion.We had to sail against the wind.The rain drummed against the window.This spray can be used against weevil and other crop pests.against ... principlesI do not think that we should be against such moral principles.It was against the Bush principles.Now all she had to do was fool Felipe de Santis and go against all her principles.To review all rules against the principles agreed and evaluate how they can be simplified.It went against normal principles of materials suspended in liquid spreading randomly and as uniformly as possible.He is adamant that any open manifestation of religious or cultural identity at school goes against the principles of secular state education.C Measured against these principles, some aspects of the Pennsylvania informed-consent scheme are unconstitutional.Other customers, strangers, sometimes offered to buy her drinks, but it was against her principles to accept them.