areaar‧e‧a /ˈeəriə $ ˈeriə/ ●●●S1W1AWL noun [countable]1AREAa particular part of a country, town etcOnly cheeses made in this area may be labelled ‘Roquefort’.Crime rates are much higher in urban areas.area ofMany areas of Africa have suffered severe drought this year.2AREAa part of a house, office, garden etc that is used for a particular purposea no-smoking areaTheir apartment has a large kitchen area.Come through into the dining area.the reception area of the hotela storage area on the ground floor3AREA OF KNOWLEDGE, DUTIES, STUDY ETCa particular subject, range of activities, or group of related subjectsThe course covers three main subject areas.This study has clearly identified a major problem area for the National Health Service.We’re funding research into new areas such as law enforcement technology.area ofreforms in the key areas of health and education4SIZEthe amount of space that a flatsurface or shape coversarea ofan area of 2,000 square milesa formula to calculate the area of a circle► see thesaurus at size → grey areaat grey1(7)COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 1: a particular part of a country, town etcADJECTIVES/NOUN + areaa rural area (=in the countryside)Schools in rural areas are often very small.an urban area (=in a town or city)90% of the English population live in urban areas.a remote/isolated area (=a long way from towns and cities)a remote area of northeast Afghanistanthe local areaHe quickly made friends in the local area.the surrounding area (=the area around a place)The tourist office will have a map of the surrounding area.outlying areas (=far from the centre of a town, village etc)The programme also includes plans to reforest outlying areas of the city.a wooded areaThe plane crashed into trees in a heavily wooded area.a mountainous areathe mountainous areas of the Massif Centrala coastal areaThe bird is found mainly in coastal areas.a desert areaThe hot, dry wind blows in from the desert areas of North Africa. a residential area (=a part of a town where people live)They had a large house in a pleasant residential area.an industrial areaPeople living in industrial areas are exposed to these types of chemicals.a built-up area (=with a lot of buildings close together)New development will not be allowed outside the existing built-up area.a deprived area (=where many poor people live)He grew up in one of the toughest and most deprived areas of Glasgow.an inner-city area (=the central part of a city, where many poor people live)When will something be done to improve our inner-city areas?a middle-class/working-class etc area (=where a particular class of people live)She was born in a working-class area of London.a metropolitan area (=a very large city)major metropolitan areas such as Delhi, Bombay, and Calcuttaa conservation area (=for preserving nature or old buildings)a new scheme to create a nature conservation areaa geographical area (=one that is shown on a map)The survey took place in three geographical areas.verbsmove into/out of an areaShe had just moved into the area and knew very few people.Many young people are moving out of rural areas.keep/stay away from an areaThe police ordered people to stay away from the area.be spread out over a wide areaThe town is spread out over a wide area.be scattered over a wide areaParts of the plane were scattered over a wide area.
COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 2: a part of a house, office, garden etc that is used for a particular purposeADJECTIVES/NOUN + areathe kitchen/dining/bedroom/bathroom areaThe kitchen area is rather small.the living area (=the main room in a house, where people relax)The main living area was on the second floor.a reception area (=a desk where visitors arriving in a hotel or large organization go first)Visitors should please report to the reception area.a storage area (=a place for keeping things that are not being used)There’s a temporary storage area where you can put those boxes. a picnic area (=an area outdoors where you can eat a meal)We pulled off the highway into a picnic area for lunch.a play area (=a place for children to play)There’s a nice play area for the kiddies.a no-smoking/non-smoking areaThe airport terminal is a no-smoking area.a smoking areaEmployers do not have to provide smoking areas.
THESAURUSarea a part of a town or country, or of the worldThey live in a very wealthy area.coastal areasregion a large area of a country or the worldthe northwest region of Russiadesert regionszone an area that is different from other areas around it in some waya war zonea no-parking zoneWe crossed two different time zones (=areas where there is a particular time compared to the rest of the world.)district one of the areas a city or town is officially divided into, or an area of a city where a particular group live or an activity happensthe Chelsea district of Manhattan | the business/financial/theatre etc districtthe financial district of Londonneighbourhood British English, neighborhood American English /ˈneɪbəhʊd $ -ər-/ an area of a town where people livea friendly neighbourhoodThere are lots of trees in our neighborhood.suburb an area outside the centre of a city, where people livea suburb of Bostonquarter an area of a town or city where people of a particular nationality livethe French quarter of New Orleans slum an area of a city that is in very bad condition, where many poor people liveHe grew up in the slums of East London.ghetto an area of a city where poor people of a particular race or class livea black baby born in the ghetto