➔ see usage notelawyerWORD FOCUS: court WORD FOCUS: court people in a court of law:judge, magistrate, jury, defenceBritish English/defenseAmerican English, prosecution, defendant, witness, attorney, lawyer, barristerBritish English, solicitorBritish English, district attorneyAmerican English what happens in a court case:At the beginning of the trial, the person who is accusedpleads guiltyornot guiltyto thechargesagainst them. The lawyers for the prosecution try toprovethat the defendant is guilty, and the lawyers for the defence try to prove that their client is innocent. The judge and the juryexamine the evidenceand listen to thetestimonyof the witnesses. At the end of the trial, the judge thensums upthe case, and the jury thengives their verdict. If the person isfound guilty, the judgesentencesthem to a period of time in prison, or orders them to pay afine. If the person isfound not guilty, they arereleased.court ➔ See alsocourtWORD CHOICE: WORD CHOICE: lawyer, attorney, solicitor, barrister, counselLawyer is a general word for someone who has professional training in legal work or who is an expert in the law.In American English, the word attorney is often used instead, especially in legal or official language and especially to refer to a lawyer who represents people in court.In British English, there is a difference between asolicitor , who gives legal advice and prepares legal documents, and a barrister , who represents people in court.In both American and British English, someone's counsel is the lawyer or group of lawyers who represent them in court. ➔ See alsolawyer
Definition from the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Advanced Learner's Dictionary.